Ukubhoboza impumulo

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Ukubhoboza impumulo
Ukubhoboza impumulo

Ukubhoboza impumulo ukubhobozwa kwesikhumba noma i-cartilage eyakha noma iyiphi ingxenye yempumulo, imvamisa ngenhloso yokugqoka ubucwebe, obubizwa ngokuthi i-nose-jewelry. Kwezinhlobonhlobo ezihlukene zokubhoboza impumulo, ukubhoboza impumulo yikhona okuvame kakhulu. Ukubhoboza impumulo kunguhlobo lwesithathu oluvame kakhulu lokubhobozwa ngemuva kokubhobozwa kwe-earlobe nokubhoboza izilimi. [Kucashunwa edingekayo]

Ukubhoboza uNostril[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ukubhoboza uNostril kuwumkhuba wokubhoboza umzimba ngenhloso yokugqoka ubucwebe, kufana nokubhoboza impumulo, okuyiwona ngokuyinhloko ohlotshaniswa kakhulu namasiko nemfashini yamaNdiya kusukela ezikhathini zasendulo, futhi kutholakala kakhulu eNdiya, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, futhi kulo lonke elaseNingizimu ngisho naseNingizimu-mpumalanga ye-Asia. Ukubhobozwa kukaNostril kubuye kube yingxenye yesiko lendabuko lase-Australia lase-Australia namasiko ama-Ilocano, isizwe ePhilippines.

Ukubhoboza impumulo
Ukubhoboza impumulo

Ngokuvela, ukuvezwa, kanye nokusakazeka kwemfashini namasiko amaNdiya, ukubhoboza okungenamsoco emashumini eminyaka amuva nje sekuthandwa kakhulu emhlabeni jikelele, njengoba kunezinye izindlela zokubhoboza umzimba, ngemuva kwezinkomba namasiko wentsha alandelayo 'ngeminyaka yama-80s' nama-90s okwamukele lokhu uhlobo lokubhoboza. Namuhla, ukubhoboza kwempumulo kudumile emhlabeni obanzi kufaka phakathi iNingizimu Melika, i-United States of America, iCanada, iCaribbean, i-Australia, i-Afrika, iJapan kanye ne-Europe, kanti ukubhoboza kwenziwa ngakwesokunxele noma kwesokunxele. Kwamanye amasiko, lokhu kwenziwa kumhlobiso, kanti nakwabanye kuyimikhuba yenkolo. Ekuqaleni eMelika, lo mkhuba wawenzelwe ama-subcultures futhi wabonwa ukuthi uhlotshaniswa nentsha encane. [1]

Ngo-1990s, ukubhoboza impumulo kwakuhlotshaniswa ngokuqondile nobucayi bobuzwe. Namuhla, lo mkhuba usabalale kuleli qembu eMelika futhi emhlabeni wonke usaqhubeka usetshenziselwa izizathu eziningi. Naphezu kokuba kusabalele, lokhu kubhoboza kusaxhunyaniswa nemininingwane engemihle. Isibonelo, ocwaningweni olwenziwe embonini yezihambi, ama-81% abaphathi abaqashiwe athi ukubhoboza kanye nama-tattoos kuthinta ukubona kwabo okhethwayo kabi. [2]

Ngokomlando ku-Indian Subcontinent, ukubhoboza impumulo kwenziwa ngabesifazane kuphela. Kodwa-ke, ukwanda kwale ndlela sekudale ukuthi bobabili abesilisa nabesifazane babe nokubhoboza okungekho embonweni emhlabeni obanzi. Izinhlobo eziningana ezahlukahlukene zamasongo wasemakhaleni ziyatholakala. Phakathi kokuthandwa kakhulu yi-loop, i-stud enovalwa nge-L-bar, isudi evaliwe ngebhola, kanye ne-stud enokwethenjwa okuyisicaba.

ENdiya, ingaphandle lengxenye yomzimba wesobunxele [ukukhonishwa okudingekayo] yisikhundla esithandwayo sokubhobozwa. Lokhu kulandelwa abanye abantu abangama-orlando futhi ngoba umuthi we-Ayurvedic uhlobanisa le ndawo nezitho zokuzala zabesifazane. [3] ENdiya, njenganoma yimuphi omunye ubucwebe, ukubhoboza ubucwebe nobucwebecwecwa kubhekwa njengophawu lobuhle nokuma komphakathi kanye nokuhlonipha umHindu kuParvati, unkulunkulukazi womshado. Ukubhoboza impumulo kusathandwa eNdiya nase subcontinent. Ukubhoboza imvamisa kuyingxenye ebalulekile yobucwebe bomshado baseNdiya. EMaharashtra, abesifazane bagqoka izingcezu ezinkulu zekhala eziyinkimbinkimbi ezivame ukumboza umlomo noma uhlangothi lobuso.

Lo mkhuba uvame kakhulu phakathi kwabesifazane baseBangali nabesifazane baseNingizimu Indian. Abesifazane abangamaTamil ngokwesiko bayihlaba ikhala labo lokunene. Amasiko amaningi ahambisana nawo. Abesifazane abaningi abavela e-Indian subcontinent bashiswa ngezikopelo zabo zekhala njengoba ubucwebe bususwa ngaphambi komngcwabo. Abafelokazi baseNdiya bavame ukukhipha izikopelo zempumulo zabo njengesibonakaliso senhlonipho. Ukubhoboza impumulo bekungavunyelwe ngokomthetho kunqatshelwe ngokuphelele emindenini eminingi yaseKashmiris eyakwaButt, iDar, iLone neMiri izinze ePakistan, njengoba ukubhoboza kwakhala kokhokho babo kuhlangene nabantu bezizukulwane zakudala zomphakathi waseKashmiri.

Ukubhoboza impumulo kungabhalwa ngezikhathi zangaphambi kuka-Columbian kanye nelamakoloni kuyo yonke iNyakatho neNingizimu Melika. Imikhosi eminingi yesimo ihlelwe eThempelini Eliphezulu leBallcourt enkulu eChichin Itza. Enye yalezi zinkundla umcimbi wokugobhoza impumulo okukhonjiswe eNyakatho Temple egumbini. [4] Esikhundleni sokubonisa umhlatshelo, ingqikithi ejwayelekile yemidwebo yasethempelini, isithombe esiyisisekelo sikhonjiswa sihlose lokho okungenzeka ukuthi kuyisihluthulelo sethambo ukubhoboza ekhaleni lomfanekiso. Isiko lokugwazwa kwempumulo libonisa isimo esiphakeme salesi sibalo. Indawo yakhe emphakathini ifanekiselwa ukubhobozwa kwakhala. Ngokufanayo, ukubhoboza impumulo kwakufanekisela isimo esiphakeme eColombia Maya. Amakhosi amabili aqavile, u-Ajpop no-Ajpop K'ama, wakwaK'iche, agwazwa ekhaleni endaweni ephakeme yomkhosi obabazekayo. Ngokufana nokugcotshwa kwenkosi umqhele, ukubhoboza ekhaleni kwakukhombisa ubuholi babo obusha bukaK'iche.

E-Yucatan, abahloli bamazwe u-Oviedo y Valdes, uHerrera y Tordesillas, u-Diego de Landa noJeronimo de Aguilar bonke baphawula ukubhoboza ekhaleni okuhlukile abakuqaphele eMayans nakwamanye amasiko eYucatan bebonke. Babika ukuthi amatshe ahlukene angaba nezincazelo ezihlukile ngaphakathi kwempucuko ngayinye. Ngaphezu kwalokho, bakholelwa ukuthi ukufakwa nobukhulu obuhlukile nokwakheka kobuhlalu kungasho umphakathi othize umuntu avela kuwo. AbakwaToltec kwakukholakala ukuthi babhoboze i-ala yempumulo eyayigcotshwe ngensimbi. Ngenkathi abakwaMeyi behlaba phakathi kwe-septum futhi bekubandakanya ubuhlalu obukhulu kunokuba bube nobubanzi.

Ukubhoboza i-Sepumi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ukubhoboza i-Sepumi
Ukubhoboza i-Sepumi

I-septum yamanxeba udonga oluhlukanisa i-cartilaginous phakathi kwamakhala. Ngokuvamile, i-cartilage ngokwayo ayihlatshwa, kepha kunalokho igebe elincane eliphakathi kwenqobelo kanye nekhala lekhala (kwesinye isikhathi elibizwa ngokuthi "indawo emnandi"), ngokujwayelekile ku-14ga (1.6 mm) yize livame ukwelulwa kugeji enkulu ( usayizi). Lokhu kubhoboza kuphulukisa kungakapheli inyanga nengxenye kuya ezinyangeni ezintathu futhi kuya ngomuntu ngamunye. Kufanele welulwe ngu-1mm kuphela ngasikhathi, futhi ulinde okungenani inyanga phakathi kokunwebeka kuyalulekwa. [Kucashunwa edingekayo] Uma iphuzu elithile lidlulisiwe, imvamisa cishe nge-8mm, i-cartilage iphoqelelwa iye phezulu kwempumulo, engakwazi ungakhululeki.

Izinhlobo eziningi zobucwebe zivame ukugqokwa ekubhobozeni i-septum, njengokuthi: Amasongo we-Bead ethumba (CBRs), izindandatho ezivala ngensimbi eboshwe maphakathi nokudonswa kwendandatho, imishini ejikelezayo (njengoba kukhonjisiwe esithombeni), a umugqa oyindilinga onobuhlalu obhekelela kunoma iyiphi imiphetho, "i-husk" eyicezu lezinto eliqondile noma elakhiwe lakhiwe ngokujwayelekile emaphethelweni, noma emaceleni. Kumapulangwe amakhulu wegeji, abantu abaningi bakhetha ukugqoka ama-plugs, njengoba ama-plugs engazinaki amakhala awo phansi, okuwusizo ekuphulukiseni. Lesi silinganiso sivumela ukubhoboza ukuthi kungonakaliswa ukunyakaza okungazelelwe kobucwebecwebe.

Enye inketho isitoreji septum, esibunjiweyo. Lolu hlobo lokubhoboza impumulo kulula kakhulu ukulufihla lapho lufiswa, ngokwesibonelo ukuhambisana nekhodi yokugqoka. Isilondolozi septum senza sikwazi ukuguqula ubucwebe buse ekhaleni, ngaleyo ndlela sikufihle. Ngobucwebe obumnyama obufakwe emakhaleni, lokhu kubhoboza kungenziwa kungabonakali. Imikhiqizo eyindilinga futhi ingafihlwa ngokuyicindezela ingemuva ekhaleni, kepha ingahle ingakhululeki.

Ukubhobozwa kweSumum kuwumkhuba odumile phakathi kwabadansi baseSouth Indian (Kuchipudi, Bharatnatyam) naphakathi kwabantu bomdabu baseMelika emlandweni; abaholi bamaShawnee uTecumseh noTenskwatawa, ngokwesibonelo, babenokubhoboza okunjalo.

Ukubhobozwa kwe-septum kuyathandwa emaphandleni aseNdiya, eNepal, naseBangladesh. ENdiya, ukubhoboza okunjalo kubizwa ngokuthi yi- 'Nathori' futhi kuthandwa nezinhlanga zamaBanjara kanye nezizwe zakwa-Adivasi. U-Lord Krishna nozakwabo onguRadharani bavame ukuboniswa begqoka izingcezu zekhala lika-Nathori.[5]

Abesifazane abangamaBengali ngokwesiko babegqoka i-nathori njengophawu lokuthi ungumfazi oshadile. I-nathori yayiba igolide nge-teardrop eyayihamba eceleni kwendandatho. Abesifazane abaningi abanamabanga aphansi ezindaweni zasemakhaya zaseBengal basaligcina leli siko. Lo mkhuba manje uyehla njengoba abesifazane abaningi bethanda izikopelo zempumulo.

Eningizimu yeNepal, ukubhoboza i-septum kusavamile. Abesifazane abaningi asebekhulile basahlobisa amakhala abo ngawo womabili amasongo e-septum nawesokunxele. Abesifazane abaningi banezimbobo zegolide zegolide ukukhombisa isimo sabo senhlalo, yobuzwe, nenkolo emphakathini.

ECentral Australia, ukubhoboza impumulo kwakuphakathi nentuthuko yomfana endodeni. I-Arunta, isizwe esingumdabu eCentral Australia, isiko lokudlula komfana. Umkhosi wokudlulela waqala ngemiculo yokudansa futhi wakhula waba umfana wangena ekamu lamadoda futhi wafunda ukuzingela. [6] Abafana bavame ukuba phakathi kweminyaka eyishumi nanye nantathu. Abesifazane ekuqaleni baphonsa umfana emoyeni abese enikezwa amadoda ukuba amjikijele emoyeni ukufanekisela umfana womuntu kusukela ngaleso sikhathi kuye phambili. Umfana ufunda ukudoba izilwane ezinkulu ezidinga isethi yekhono lobuhlakani ezazingadingeki imidlalo emincane. Ngemuva kwesikhashana, umthungo womlomo womfana wagwazwa wafakwa ngethambo nguyise noma umkhulu wakhe ukuthambisa ikhala ngokusho kwe-aesthetics.

Ngokufanayo, uphawu lwamantombazane lokufika eminyakeni yobudala kwakugwazwa kwakhala kodwa kwenziwa ngumyeni wakhe ngemuva komshado. Ngokwesiko, ukubhoboza kwakukhombisa isimo senhlalo somuntu kanye nelungelo labo lokuthola eminye imikhosi. Kwabesifazane, kwabonisa amandla abo okuthola umyeni. Ngoba umyeni ubonisiwe ungumnini futhi ilungelo kumkakhe. Kwabesilisa, kwethula umfana manje njengendoda nendawo yakhe emphakathini enamadoda. Wayengaseyena neze wezingane nabesifazane abamkhulisayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, manje wayesenelungelo lemikhosi efana nokusoka nokuzithoba kanye nesikhundla esiphakeme emphakathini.

Izingozi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

I-septum noma i-pua septum udonga lwe-cartilaginous oluhlukanisa emakhaleni amabili. I-cartilage, nokho, imvamisa ayihlatshwa. Umucu omncane wesikhumba esithambile kakhulu futhi oguquguqukayo, phakathi kwe-cartilage nangaphansi kwempumulo, lapho ukubhoboza i-septum kwenziwa kakhulu. Ukubhoboza isikhumba esikhundleni se-cartilage kungabunciphisa kakhulu ubuhlungu, kanye nezinye izinto ezihlukumezeka ezihambisana nalolu hlobo lokugwazwa komzimba. Lokhu kubhoboza kufanele kwenziwe ngenaliti kuphela. Ngokuphathelene nobucwebecwebe, izindandatho ze-bead ezithunjiwe, i-barbells eyindilinga, ama-plugs, ama-tile, ama-curls, kanye ne-septum retainers zingasetshenziswa. Ezinye izinsimbi ezisetshenziselwa izindandatho zempumulo ziphephile kepha zingadala i-allergies noma uzwela. Ingozi yokutheleleka ngegciwane nayo ikhona echibini lokubhukuda, izidumbu zamanzi nokugeza.

Zonke izinhlobo zokubhobozwa komzimba, kufaka phakathi ukubhoboza i-septum, kuhlotshaniswa nengozi yokuthola izifo ezithile ezibangwa yigazi, njenge-hepatitis, kusuka ezinalwaneni nasezihlolweni zokubhoboza ezisetshenziswa inqubo. Le ngozi ingancishiswa ngokwenza ukuthi ukubhobozwa kwenziwe ngumbhobozi ohlonishwayo futhi uqiniseke ukuthi lowo obhoboza usebenzisa izinaliti ezingasebenzisi loyedwa kuphela. Ingozi elandelayo ejwayelekile ehambisana cishe nazo zonke izinhlobo zokubhoboza ubungozi bokutheleleka nobuhlungu. Lezi zingqinamba zingancishiswa kakhulu uma ukubhoboza kwenziwa esikhunjeni esithambile futhi esiguquguqukayo esiphakathi kwe-cartilage nangaphansi kwempumulo. Ngokuqondene nezingozi zokutheleleka ezithintekayo, zingalawulwa ngokubhoboza okufanele ngemuva kokunakekelwa.

Lokhu kubhoboza kwesinye isikhathi kungaholela 'ku-heptoma ye-septal' - ukulimala kwezicubu ezithambile ngaphakathi kwe-septum okungaphazamisa imithambo yegazi kubangele ukunqwabelana kwegazi nokugeleza kwamanzi ngaphansi kolayini. I-Nasal septum hematoma ingahle idale ukucinana kwamakhala futhi iphazamise ukuphefumula kanye nokubangela ubuhlungu nokuvuvukala. Uma singalashwa ngokushesha, lesi simo ekugcineni singadala ukwakheka komgodi ku-septum, okuholele ekuxinaniseni kwamakhala. Kwesinye isikhathi, leyo ngxenye yempumulo ingahle iwe, iholele ekulimaleni kokugcoba, okwaziwa ngokuthi 'ikhala lesidumbu'.

Ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho
Ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho

Ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho kufakwa esikhunjeni ngaphezulu kwakhala, phakathi kwamehlo. Izithonjana ezingama-curved kanye nama-software aqondile yizona ezisetshenziswa kakhulu kulokhu kubhoboza, kanti izindandatho ezingenamthungo nezithunjwa azinconywa. Ukwenza ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho kuyingozi kakhulu kunezinye ukubhoboza ekhaleni, kuvame ukuba nenkinga, kuthutha, futhi kubangele ukunqaphaza lapho kunganakekelwa kahle. Ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho kudinga ama-anatomy acacisiwe kakhulu, ukugcinwa ngokucophelela nokugcinwa, futhi kaningi izinguquko eziningi zobucwebe. Ukubhobozwa kwebhuloho kufakwa engxenyeni emincanyana yebhuloho lekhala, izicubu ezithambile ngaphezu kwe-cartilage enzima. Kuvame ukubhobozwa ngenaliti engu-14 yejiji, kube nobucwebecwebe obuyi-14, ngokuya ngokuthandwa yichobo kanye ne-anatomy.

Ukwemukelwa komphakathi kokubhoboza impumulo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Izinkampani eziningi ngokwengeziwe emsebenzini ziye zanekeka kakhulu ezindabeni ezinjengokubhoboza kanye nekhodi yokugqoka. [7]


Ukwemukelwa kokuguqulwa okwengeziwe komzimba kubonakaliswa ukuthi yinto eyejwayelekile emphakathini. Uma izinkampani zingazange ziqashe abasebenzi nge-tattoo noma ukubhoboza impumulo, inani labasebenzi besikhathi esizayo izinkampani abangaziqasha lizoba nomkhawulo. [8]

Imithombo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. Martinez, Ramiro (July 2006). Immigration and Crime: Ethnicity, Race, and Violence. Google Books. ISBN 9780814796054. Kulandwe ngomhlaka 6/1/19. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. Swanger, Nancy (2006-03-01). "Visible body modification (VBM): evidence from human resource managers and recruiters and the effects on employment". International Journal of Hospitality Management 25 (1): 154–158. doi:10.1016/j.ijhm.2004.12.004. ISSN 0278-4319. 
  3. Morris, Desmond (2004). "The Nose". The Naked Woman. p. 69. ISBN 9780099453581.
  4. Villela, Khristaan, Verfasser (1993). A nose piercing ceremony in the north temple of Great Ballcourt at Chichén Itzá. Center of the History and Art of Ancient American Culture of the Art Dep. of the Univ. of Texas. OCLC 1073558164.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. "Septum Piercing Dangers". Kulandwe ngomhlaka 17 November 2012.
  6. Rush, John A. (2005). Spiritual tattoo : a cultural history of tattooing, piercing, scarification, branding, and implants. Frog. ISBN 1583941177. OCLC 56876792.
  7. Joyce, Amy. "Fashion Leads by a Nose." The Washington Post. (2013) Website.
  8. Dobosh, Sara. "Piercing the Workplace Stereotype." Fox Business. (2010) Website.