Brigham Young

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UBrigham Young ( /b r ɪ ɡ əm / ; 1 Juni 1801 – Agasti 29, 1877) wayengumholi wezenkolo waseMelika nosopolitiki.Wayengumongameli wesibili we - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) kusuka ngo-1847 kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe ngo-1877. Wasungula iSalt Lake City futhi wakhonza njengombusi wokuqala wase- Utah Territory.UYoung uphinde wahola ukusungulwa kwabandulelayo eNyuvesi yase-Utah naseBrigham Young University .

UBrigham Young

U-Young wayenezibongo eziningi, phakathi kokudume kakhulu kwakungu "American Moses " [1] (kungenjalo, "Modern Moses" noma "Mormon Moses"), [2] [3] ngoba, njengomuntu waseBhayibhelini, u-Young wahola abalandeli bakhe, Amaphayona amaMormon, ekuphumeni ehlane, aya kulokho abakubona njengezwe lesithembiso. [4] UYoung wabizwa ngabalandeli bakhe ngokuthi "yiNgonyama yeNkosi" ngenxa yobuntu bakhe obunesibindi futhi wayejwayele ukubizwa ngokuthi "uMfoweth 'uBrigham" ngamaLatter-day Saints.Isithembu, uYoung wayenamakhosikazi angama-55 nezingane ezingama-56.Wamisa umthetho ovimbela ukunikezela ubupristi kubantu bendabuko abamnyama base-Afrika, futhi wahola isonto empini yase- Utah elwa neMelika.

Isiqalo sokuphila[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Amadodana amahlanu kaJohn noNabby Young.



Ukusuka kwesobunxele kuye kwesokudla: uLorenzo Dow, uBrigham, uPhineas H., uJoseph noJohn.

UYoung wazalwa engowesishiyagalombili kaJohn Young no-Abigail "Nabby" Howe [5] , umndeni wokulima eWhitingham, eVermont.Lapho eneminyaka emithathu umndeni wakhe wathuthela enyakatho yeNew York uzinze eSmyrna, eNew York . [6]  Lapho eneminyaka engu-12 wathutha nabazali bakhe waya e- Aurelius, eNew York eduze neCayuga Lake. Lapho eneminyaka engu-14 unina wabulawa isifo sofuba. Ngemuva kwalokho wathutha noyise baya eTyrone, eNew York .

Ukufa[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

U-Young ungcwatshwe ngezizathu zeMormon Pioneer Memorial Monument eSalt Lake City .

Ngaphambi kokushona kwakhe eSalt Lake City ngo-Agasti 29, 1877, [7] uYoung wayehlushwa yikholera morbus nokuvuvukala kwamathumbu. [8] Kukholakala ukuthi ubulawe yi- peritonitis ngenxa yokuqhekeka kwesithasiselo . Amazwi akhe okugcina kwakungu "Joseph! UJoseph! Joseph! ", Esebenzisa igama likaJoseph Smith ongasekho, umsunguli wenkolo kaMormoni. [9] NgoSepthemba 2, 1877, umngcwabo kaYoung wabanjelwa eTabernakele nabantu abalinganiselwa kwabangu-12 000 kuya ku-15,000 ababekhona. [10]Ungcwatshwe ngezizathu zeSikhumbuzo seMormon Pioneer Memorial enkabeni yeSalt Lake City.Umaka wethusi wabekwa endaweni yamathuna ngoJuni 10, 1938, ngamalungu ezinhlangano zeYoung Men and Young Women, awasungula.

Imisebenzi yebhizinisi kanye nengcebo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Intsha yenza imisebenzi eminingi yezentengiselwano iyodwa futhi ibambisene nabanye.Lokhu kubandakanya inkampani yezinqola ezinqola, inkampani yezikebhe, ujantshi kanye nokukhiqizwa kwamapulangwe asetshenzisiwe, uboya, isithombo sebhitrudi, i-ayina notshwala. Intsha izuze impumelelo enkulu kakhulu kwezindawo ezithengiswayo.Uphinde wazama ukukhuthaza ukuzimela kwamaMormon ngokusungula imiphakathi yamaqoqo, eyaziwa njenge- United Order of Enoch .

Ngesikhathi sokufa kwakhe, uYoung wayeyindoda ecebe kakhulu e-Utah, equivalent to $14,600,000 ngo-2020 ).

Ifa[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Umthelela[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

[11]

Izikhumbuzo zentsha zifaka phakathi isithombe esenziwe ngethusi phambi kwe-Abraham O. Smoot Administration Building, eBrigham Young University ; isithombe semabula eNational Statuary Hall Collection e- United States Capitol, esinikelwe yi- State of Utah ngo-1950; [12] nomfanekiso oqoshwe phezulu Lesi yisikhumbuzo sendawo eSalt Lake City .

Izimfundiso zikaYoung kwakuyinkambo yokufunda ka-1998-99 ezifundweni ze-LDS Church zeSonto Labesimame Ekhululekile kanye naseMelkisedeki .Template:Ifsubst

Ukubukwa kobuhlanga nobugqila[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Intsha yayinombono ohlangene ngobugqila. [13] NgoJanuwari 1852, wamemezela enkulumweni yakhe ukuthi "akukho mpahla engaziwa noma okufanele yamukelwe njengeyizigqila."Lokhu kusikisela ukuthi uYoung wayephikisana nokuba khona kobugqila.Kodwa-ke, emasontweni amabili kamuva wazibiza ngokuthi "ukholelwa ngokuqinile ebugqilini."Kukhona nobufakazi obukhombisa ukuthi uYoung wayekholelwa ekuphakameni ngokobuhlanga kwamadoda amhlophe. Umlando wakhe wesandla kusukela ngoJanuwari 5, 1852, owashicilelwa kwi- Deseret News, ufundeka kanje:

Umuntu omnyama. . . kufanele bakhonze inzalo ka-Abrahama; akufanele abe ngumbusi, noma avotele abantu ukuthi bangibuse noma abafowethu.UMthethosisekelo waseDeseret awuthethi ngalokhu, besisho ukuthi kufanele kube njalo.Inzalo yaseKhanani ayinakubamba noma yisiphi isikhundla, sezomthetho noma sesonto. . . .Isinqumo sikaNkulunkulu sokuthi uKhanani abe yinceku yezinceku zabafowabo (okungukuthi, uShemi noJafete [sic]) sisebenza ngokugcwele.Usuku luzofika lapho imbewu yaseKhanani iyohlengwa futhi ibe nazo zonke izibusiso abafowabo abazithokozelayo. Noma yimuphi umuntu oxuba imbewu yakhe nembewu yaseKhanani ulahlekelwa ilungelo lokubusa nazo zonke izibusiso zobuPristi bukaNkulunkulu; futhi ngaphandle kokuthi kuchithwe igazi lakhe kanye nenzalo yakhe yena naye babengeke basindiswe kuze kuhlengwe inzalo yaseKhanani. [14]

Amanothi nezinkomba[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. Topics and Background: Topic Template:Ndash Brigham Young, LDS Church, https://newsroom.churchofjesuschrist.org/article/brigham-young 
  2. Gibbons, Francis M., Brigham Young: Modern Moses, Prophet of God, Deseret Book 
  3. Steorts, Jason Lee, The Mormon Moses, https://www.nationalreview.com/nrd/articles/330077/mormon-moses 
  4. Nelson, Russell M., The Exodus Repeated, https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/ensign/1999/07/the-exodus-repeated 
  5. Thomas G. Alexander. Brigham Young and the Expansion of Mormonism, University of Oklahoma Press]
  6. Alexander, Brigham Young
  7. "Death of Brigham Young", The New York Times, August 30, 1877.
  8. "Brigham Young's Health", The New York Times, August 29, 1877.
  9. Brigham Young: Man of the Spirit, https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/ensign/1977/08/brigham-young-man-of-the-spirit 
  10. "Brigham Young's Funeral", The New York Times, September 3, 1877.
  11. Paul, Rodman W. (December 1974 – January 1975), "The Mormons of Yesterday and Today", Engineering and Science (California Institute of Technology & Alumni Association) 38 (2): 12–27, http://calteches.library.caltech.edu/357/1/mormons.pdf, retrieved September 19, 2013 
  12. "Art: Sculpture Template:Ndash Statues: Brigham Young", Explore Capitol Hill (Architect of the Capitol), http://www.aoc.gov/capitol-hill/national-statuary-hall-collection/brigham-young 
  13. The Possessive Investment in Rightness: White Supremacy and the Mormon Movement. 
  14. “History of Brigham Young,” entry dated Jan. 5, 1852, Church Historian’s Office Records Collection, LDS Church Archives (quoted in Ricks, “A Peculiar Place,” 114).