Imfundo yezocansi

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Imfundo yezocansi, eyaziwa nangokuthi bafunda ngobulili, imfundo ngobulili , isiqondiso esimayelana nocansi womuntu, kuhlanganise nobudlelwane ngokomzwelo nezibopho, womuntu anatomy ngokobulili, umsebenzi wocansi, ukuzala, umnyaka wekuvuma, nempilo yokuzalana, amalungelo zokuzala, ucansi oluphephile nokulawula inzalo.Imfundo yezocansi ehlanganisa zonke lezi zinkinga yaziwa njengemfundo ebanzi yezocansi, futhi imvamisa iphikisana nemfundo yezocansi kuphela, egxila kuphela ekuziqedeni ngokocansi.Imfundo yezocansi inganikezwa ngabazali noma abanakekeli, noma njengengxenye ezinhlelweni zesikole nasemikhankasweni yezempilo yomphakathi.

Umlando[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Emasikweni amaningi, ingxoxo yazo zonke izindaba zocansi ngokwesiko ibithathwa njengengavumelekile, futhi intsha ayizange inikezwe imininingwane ngezindaba zocansi.Imiyalo enjalo, njengoba yayinikezwa, ngokwesiko yayishiyelwa kubazali bengane, futhi imvamisa lokhu kwakukhishwa kuze kube ngaphambi komshado wabo.Kodwa-ke, ngasekupheleni kwekhulu le-19, inhlangano yezemfundo eqhubekayo yaholela ekusungulweni kwemfundo yezocansi ngokuthi " inhlanzeko yezenhlalo " ezifundweni zezikole zaseNyakatho Melika nokwethulwa kwemfundo yezocansi esezikoleni. [1]

Yize kwaqala ukungena kwezemfundo yocansi esekwe ezikoleni, imininingwane eminingi ngezindaba zocansi maphakathi nekhulu lama-20 yatholwa ngokungahlelekile kubangani nakwabezindaba, futhi lolu lwazi oluningi lwaluntula noma lwalunenani elithandabuzekayo, ikakhulukazi ngenkathi elandela ukuthomba, lapho ilukuluku lezindaba zocansi lalilukhuni kakhulu.Lokhu kushoda kukhuliswe ngokwanda kwezigameko zokukhulelwa kwentsha, ikakhulukazi emazweni aseNtshonalanga ngemuva kweminyaka yama-1960.Njengengxenye yemizamo yezwe ngalinye yokwehlisa ukukhulelwa okunjalo, kwethulwa izinhlelo zemfundo yezocansi, ekuqaleni ngenxa yokuphikiswa okunamandla kwamaqembu wabazali nawenkolo.

Ukuqhamuka kwengculaza kunikeze umqondo omusha wokuphuthuma emfundweni yezocansi. Emazweni amaningi ase-Afrika, lapho ingculaza isemabhakedeni (bheka i- HIV / AIDS e-Afrika ), imfundo yezocansi ibonwa ososayensi abaningi njengecebo elibalulekile lezempilo yomphakathi.Ezinye izinhlangano zamazwe omhlaba ezinjengePlanned Parenthood zibheka ukuthi izinhlelo ezibanzi zokufundisa ngocansi zinezinzuzo zomhlaba wonke, njengokulawula ubungozi bokugcwala kwabantu nokuthuthuka kwamalungelo abesifazane (bheka futhi namalungelo okuzala).Ukusetshenziswa kwemikhankaso yemidiya eminingi kwesinye isikhathi kuholele emazingeni aphakeme "okuqwashisa" ahlanganiswe nolwazi olungenasisekelo lokudluliswa kwe-HIV.

Imfundo yezocansi ye-LGBT[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Omunye umthombo omkhulu wokuphikisana emkhakheni wezemfundo yezocansi ukuthi ngabe imfundo yezocansi ye-LGBT kufanele ihlanganiswe nezifundo zesikole.Imfundo yezocansi ye-LGBT ifaka ukufundisa okubandakanya wonke umuntu imikhuba yezocansi ephephile yabantu abathandana nabobulili obufanayo, abesilisa abesilisa nabesifazane, kanye nabesilisa abesilisa nabesifazane kanye nemiyalo ejwayelekile ezihlokweni ezihlobene nokuya ocansini kanye nobunikazi bobulili.Ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi izikole eziningi aziyinikezi imfundo enjalo namuhla. [2]Izifunda ezinhlanu (i-Alabama, i-Louisiana, i-Mississippi, i-Oklahoma, ne-Texas) zinemithetho endaweni evimbela ukufundiswa ngemfundo yezocansi ye-LGBT.Bangu-20% kuphela abafundi be-LGBT abezwe noma yini enhle ngomphakathi wabo futhi babika embikweni we-2011 we- Gay, Lesbian kanye ne-Straight Education Network (GLSEN) wokuthi kungenzeka ukuthi bezwe imininingwane emihle ngabantu be-LGBT abavela emlandweni noma ekilasini lezifundo zenhlalo kunalokho ukwedlula isigaba sezempilo. [3]

AbePro-LGBT[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Abagqugquzeli bemfundo yezocansi ye-LGBT bathi ukuhlanganisa ubungqingili ezifundweni kuzohlinzeka abafundi be-LGBT ngemininingwane yezempilo yezocansi abayidingayo,futhi kusize ekuthuthukiseni izinkinga ezinjengokuzethemba okuphansi kanye nokudangala okuvezwe ucwaningo kungaba khona kubantu be-LGBT .Baphinde bathi kunganciphisa ubuxhwanguxhwangu bobungqingili.

Isibonelo sekharikhulamu ebandakanya i-LGBT sethulwa yiNational National Education Education Standards ebekwe yiFuture of Sex Education Initiative.Lawa mazinga ezemfundo abeka izihloko eziyisikhombisa eziyisisekelo okufanele zikhulunywe ngemfundo yezocansi; esinye sezihloko ezisemqoka ubunikazi. Isihloko sobunikazi siveza ubunikazi bobungqingili, ubungqingili, ubungqingili nobulili obufanayo njengamathuba abafundi njengoba beqhubeka nempilo futhi beqonda ukuthi bangobani.Lawa mazinga, Ikusasa Lemfundo Yezocansi athi, azoqala enkulisa futhi azoguquka abe yizihloko eziyinkimbinkimbi kulo lonke isikole njengoba abafundi bekhula futhi bekhula. [4]E-UK, uhlelo lweBigTalk Education's Growing Up Safe lubandakanya imfundo yobudlelwano be-LGBT kusukela eminyakeni yobudala besikole samabanga aphansi, yanikezwa umklomelo kaPamela Sheridan ka-2017 wokuqamba nokwenza okuhle ebudlelwaneni nasekufundiseni ngocansi (RSE), izinsizakalo namaphrojekthi wabantu abasha.

Abaphiki be-LGBT[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Abaphikisi bavame ukuphikisa ukuthi ukufundisa ngemfundo yezocansi ye-LGBT kuzoba ukungahloniphi ezinye izinkolo futhi kuveze abafundi izihloko ezingafanele. [2]Bathi ukufaka ubungqingili ezifundweni kuzohlukumeza amalungelo abazali okulawula lokho izingane zabo ezivezwa yikho nokuthi izikole akufanele zinikeze umbono othile wezepolitiki kubafundi.Njengamanje, izifundo eziningi zezifundo zocansi azizifaki izihloko ze-LGBT, kanti ucwaningo lubike ukuthi abafundi bavame ukuzwa ukuthi abayitholi imfundo eyanele ngezihloko zocansi ze-LGBT. [2] [5]

Izinkomba[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. Tupper, Kenneth (2013). "Sex, Drugs and the Honour Roll: The Perennial Challenges of Addressing Moral Purity Issues in Schools". Critical Public Health 24 (2): 115–131. doi:10.1080/09581596.2013.862517. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Sex and relationships education, sexual health, and lesbian, gay and bisexual sexual cultures: views from young people. http://shura.shu.ac.uk/3848/1/Formby_sex_and_relationships.pdf.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Formby" defined multiple times with different content
  3. The 2011 National School Climate Survey: The experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth in our nation's schools. 
  4. McGarry, Robert (2013). "Build a curriculum that includes everyone: ensuring that schools are more accepting of LGBT students and issues requires more than passing mentions of diversity in sex education classes". Phi Delta Kappan 94 (5). doi:10.1177/003172171309400506. 
  5. Ellis, Viv. Something More to Tell You: Lesbian, Gay, or Bisexual Young Peoples.