John Taylor (Mormon)

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UJohn Taylor (1 Novemba 1808 – 25 Julayi 1887) wayengumholi wezenkolo owazalwa ngesiNgisi owayesebenza njengomongameli wesithathu we- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) kusuka ngo-1880 kuya ku-1887.Ungumongameli wokuqala futhi kuze kube manje kuphela ongumongameli weSonto LDS ozalwe ngaphandle kwaseMelika.

Isiqalo sokuphila[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

UTaylor wazalelwa eMilnthorpe, eWestmorland (manje eyingxenye yeCumbria ), eNgilandi, indodana kaJames no-Agnes Taylor. Wayenezikole ezihlelekile kuze kube yiminyaka eyishumi nane, wabe esesebenzela ubambiswano lokuqala futhi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi waqeqeshwa njengomshintshi wezinkuni nowenza ikhabethe.Uthe ngesikhathi eseyinsizwa, wayenombono "wengelosi emazulwini, iphethe icilongo emlonyeni wayo, izwakalisa umlayezo ezizweni" - leyo eyayizoyikhomba kamuva njengengelosi uMoroni.Wayelethwa christened kule iSonto LaseSheshi, kodwa bajoyine Methodist esontweni elishumi elinamithandathu.Waqokwa njengomshumayeli ojwayelekile ngemuva konyaka, futhi wezwa ubizo lokushumayela eMelika .Abazali bakaTaylor kanye nezingane zakubo bathuthela e- Upper Canada (i- Ontario yanamuhla) e1830.UTaylor wasala eNgilandi ezolahla impahla yomndeni futhi wajoyina umndeni wakhe eToronto ngo-1832.Uhlangane noLeonora Cannon ovela e- Isle of Man ngenkathi ehambela iSonto LaseToronto LaseMethodist futhi, yize ekuqaleni asenqaba isicelo sakhe, wamshada ngomhlaka 28 Januwari 1833.

Phakathi kuka-1834 no-1836, uJohn noLeonora Taylor babamba iqhaza eqenjini lokufunda ngezenkolo eToronto.Iqembu laxoxa ngezinkinga nokukhathazeka ngenkolo yabo yamaWeseli, futhi ngokushesha laziwa ngokuthi "Abaphikisi."Amanye amalungu afaka phakathi uJoseph Fielding nodadewabo uMary noMercy, ababuye baba nodumo ekuhambeni kweLatter Day Saint.Ngenkathi eseToronto uTaylor wayeqhubeka nokusebenza kwezentengiselwano zakhe njengomuntu osebenzisa izinkuni.

Inkonzo yokuqala yesonto[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

UTaylor nomkakhe baqala ukuhlangana neChurch of the Latter Day Saints ngo-1836 ngemuva kokuhlangana noParley P. Pratt, umphostoli esontweni, eToronto. ULeonora waba ngowokuqala ukujoyina isonto futhi wancenga uTaylor ukuba aqhubeke nezifundo zakhe noPratt. Ngemuva kokubhabhadiswa kwalezi zithandani esontweni, bebekhuthele ekushumayeleni nasekuhleleni isonto e-Upper Canada.UTaylor wesikhashana engamele amagatsha ayisithupha endaweni yaseToronto.NgoJulayi 1837 wayebambe iqhaza ekuxhumaniseni ukuvakasha kukaJoseph Smith endaweni yaseToronto. [1] Babe sebethuthela eFar West, eMissouri, lapho uTaylor agcotshelwa khona ukuba ngumphostoli ngomhlaka 19 Disemba 1838.Usize amanye amalungu esonto njengoba abalekela izingxabano eziya eCommerce, eIllinois (ngemuva nje kokuqanjwa kabusha ngokuthi yiNauvoo).

Ikhono lomculo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

UTaylor kubikwa ukuthi ubenezwi elimangalisayo lokucula.Ngokwesicelo sikaHyrum Smith, wacula kabili ingoma ethi " A Poor Wayfaring Man of Grief " eCarthage Jail ngaphambi nje kokubulawa kwezelamani zakwaSmith . [2]

UTaylor ubhale izingoma emaculweni amaningana, ezinye zazo ezisasetshenziswa yiSonto LDS.Ku-2005, iculo likaTaylor elithi "Joseph the Seer" lahlatshelelwa emcimbini weSonto LDS wokugubha iminyaka engama-200 yokuzalwa kukaJoseph Smith.Uhlelo lwesiNgisi lwango-1985 lwesihlabelelo se- LDS Church lufaka phakathi amaculo amabili anezingoma zikaTaylor, "Go Ye Messengers of Glory" (no. 262) ne- "Go, Ye Messengers of Heaven" (no. 327).

Umongameli weSonto[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ngemuva kokushona kukaBrigham Young ngo-1877, iKhoramu labaPhostoli AbayiShumi Nambili lalilawula isonto, noJohn Taylor njengomongameli wekhoramu.UTaylor waba ngumongameli wesithathu webandla ngo-1880.Wakhetha njengabaluleki bakhe uJoseph F. Smith noGeorge Q. Cannon, owokugcina kwaba ngumshana womkakhe, uLeonora.

Ukufa[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

UTaylor ushone ngomhlaka-25 Julayi 1887, ebulawa ukuhluleka kwenhliziyo eKaysville, e-Utah Territory.UTaylor wangcwatshwa emathuneni aseSalt Lake City e- The Avenues, eSalt Lake City, e-Utah.Kwaphela iminyaka emibili eshonile, isonto laphinde lahlala ngaphandle kukamongameli.Umgwamanda wabaPhostoli AbayiShumi Nambili, noWilford Woodruff njengomongameli wekhoramu, bathatha ubuholi ngalesi sikhathi sesikhashana.Engqungqutheleni yesonto ka-Ephreli 1889, uMongameli Wokuqala wahlelwa kabusha noWilford Woodruff njengomongameli.Ezinyangeni eziyisithupha kamuva, engqungqutheleni ka-Okthoba, u- Anthon H. Lund wabizelwa ukuzovala isikhala sikaWoodruff kwiKhoramu LabaPhostoli AbayiShumi Nambili.

Izimfundiso zikaTaylor njengomphostoli kwakuyizifundo ze-2003 ezifundweni ze-LDS Church zeSonto Labahlengikazi kanye naseMelkisedeki.

Amanothi nezinkomba[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. Prete and others. Canaadian Mormons. p. 35
  2. B. H. Roberts (ed.) (1902). History of the Church, vol. 6, pp. 614–615; vol. 7, p. 101.