Kiwifruit

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I-kiwifruit ngezinhlobo



A = A. i-arguta, C = A. i-chinensis, uD = A. i-deliciosa, i-E = A. eriantha, mina = A. indochinensis, P = A. polygama, S = A. setosa .
I-kiwifruit esisikiwe

Kiwifruit (ngokuvamile saba ikiwi e eNyakatho neMelika futhi ezwekazini laseYurophu ) noma ugqumugqumu Chinese iyona ezidliwayo berry of Kunezinhlobo eziningi bok imivini e uhlobo lwe Actinidia.Iqembu lesilimo esivame kakhulu le-kiwifruit (i- Actinidia deliciosa 'Hayward') liyi-oval, elilingana neqanda lesikhukhukazi esikhulu:bude nobubanzi.Inesikhumba esincanyana, esintofontofo, esinemicu emifushane, esishubile kodwa esidliwayo kodwa esinombala onsundu futhi esidliwayo futhi nenyama eluhlaza okotshani noma egolide enemigqa yezimbewu ezincane, ezimnyama, ezidliwayo.Izithelo zinokuthungwa okuthambile okunephunga elimnandi nelihlukile. Ngo-2018, iChina yakhiqiza uhhafu wenani lomkhiqizo we-kiwifruit.

I-Kiwifruit idabuka enkabeni nasempumalanga yeChina.Incazelo yokuqala eqoshiwe yezinsuku ze-kiwifruit yangekhulu le-12 ngesikhathi sobukhosi beNgoma.Ekuqaleni kwekhulu lama-20, ukutshalwa kwe-kiwifruit kwasakazeka kusuka eChina kuya eNew Zealand, lapho kwenzeka khona ukutshala kokuqala kokuhweba.Isithelo lesi sathandwa kakhulu ngamasotsha amaNgisi kanye lamaMelika ayemiswe eNew Zealand ngesikhathi seMpi Yomhlaba Yesibili, kwathi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi athunyelwa kakhulu, aqala ngokuthunyelwa eGreat Britain lase eCalifornia ngawo 1960.

I-Etymology[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Izinhlobo okuqala uchazwa 1904 nursery ikhathalogi ukuba '... izithelo ezidliwayo usayizi walnuts, nokunambitheka kwe ezivuthiwe gooseberries ", [1] okuholela igama ugqumugqumu Chinese. [2] Ngo-1962, abalimi baseNew Zealand baqala ukuyibiza ngokuthi "i-kiwifruit" yokumaketha kwamanye amazwe, igama elamukelwa ezentengiselwano ngo-1974. [2] E-New Zealand nase-Australia, igama elithi "kiwi" lilodwa lisho inyoni ye- kiwi noma lisetshenziswa njengesidlaliso sabaseNew Zealand ; cishe ayikaze isetshenziselwe ukubhekisa esithelweni.I-Kiwifruit selibe igama elijwayelekile layo yonke i-kiwifruit eluhlaza okhiqizwe ngokuthengisa kusuka kuhlobo lwe- Actinidia.E-United States naseCanada, igama elifushanisiwe elithi kiwi lisetshenziswa kakhulu lapho kubhekiswa kwisithelo.

  1. "E. H. Wilson, Yichang, and the Kiwifruit", A. R. Ferguson,
  2. 2.0 2.1 Empty citation (help)