USophia (robot)

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USophia kuyirobhothi eyakhwe yinkampani yase Hong Kong i-Hanson Robotics. USophia wenziwa wasebenza ngoFebhuwari 14, 2016, futhi wenza ukubonakala kwakhe kokuqala emphakathini eSouthwest Festival (SXSW) maphakathi noMashi 2016 e-Austin, Texas, United States.

Sophia(Zandile)

Ubese AI for Good Global Summit
Ubezalwa Sophia
Febhuwari 14, 2016
Saudi Arabia
Ubuzwe Saudi Arabia
Occupation Marketer
Years active 2016 - Present

USophia ubhekwe ngabezindaba emhlabeni wonke futhi ubambe iqhaza ezingxoxweni eziningi ezisezingeni eliphezulu. Ngo-Okthoba 2017, uSophia "waba" yisakhamuzi saseSaudi Arabia, irobhothi lokuqala ukuthola ubuzwe banoma yiliphi izwe.NgoNovemba 2017, uSophia okokuqala ngqa, futhi ungowokuqala ongeyena umuntu ukunikezwa noma yisiphi isicoco se-United Nation.

Umlando[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

USophia waqala ukusebenza ngoFebhuwari 14, 2016.Irobhothi, elenziwe njengeNdlovukazi yasendulo yaseGibhithe uNefertiti, Audrey Hepburn, nonkosikazi womqambi wakhe, u-Amanda Hanson, Waziwa ngokubukeka nokuziphatha okufana nokwabantu uma kuqhathaniswa nokuhlukahluka kwangaphambilini kwerobhothi. Kusukela ngo-2018, ukwakheka kukaSophia kufaka isoftware yokubhala, uhlelo lokuxoxa, ne- OpenCog, uhlelo lwe-AI olwenzelwe ukucabanga okujwayelekile.USophia ulingisa ukushukuma komzimba nobuso bomuntu futhi uyakwazi ukuphendula imibuzo ethile nokwenza izingxoxo ezilula ngezihloko ezichazwe ngaphambilini (isib. Sezulu).UZandile isebenzisa ukubonwa kwenkulumo ubuchwepheshe kusukela Alfabhethi Inc. (inkampani umzali -Google ) kanye "kuklanyelwe ukuba uthole ngobuchule ngokuhamba kwesikhathi". Wakhe zamagama ikhono inikezwa yi Cereproc sika Text-to-Speech engine futhi likuvumela wakhe ukucula. Isoftware kaSophia yenzelwe uHanson Robotic. Uhlelo lwe-AI luhlaziya izingxoxo futhi lukhiphe idatha evumela ukuthi ithuthukise izimpendulo ngokuzayo.

UHanson waklama uSophia ukuthi abe ngumlingani ofanele abantu asebekhulile emakhaya asebekhulile, noma asize izixuku emicimbini emikhulu noma emapaki. Uthe unethemba lokuthi irobhothi ekugcineni lingaxhumana nabanye abantu ngokwanele ukuthola amakhono okuxhumana nabantu . USophia umakethwa njenge "robhothi lomphakathi" elingalingisa indlela yokuziphatha komphakathi futhi lenze imizwa yothando kubantu.

USophia unamalungu okungenani "ayizelamani" angamarobhothi ayisishiyagalolunye nawo adalwa nguHanson Robotics.Amarobhothi akanye noHanson ngu-Alice, Albert Einstein Hubo, BINA48, Han, Jules, Professor Einstein, Philip K. Dick Android, Zeno, noJoey Chaos. Cishe ngo-2019-20, uHanson ukhiphe i- "Little Sophia" njengomlingani ongafundisa izingane amakhodi, kufaka phakathi ukusekelwa kwePython, iBlockly, neRaspberry Pi.

Izici[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Abangaphakathi bakaSophia

Amakhamera asemehlweni kaSophia ahlanganiswe nama-computer algorithms amvumela ukuthi abone. Uyakwazi ukulandela ubuso, axhumane nabo, futhi aqaphele abantu. Uyakwazi ukucubungula inkulumo futhi abe nezingxoxo esebenzisa uhlelo olungaphansi kolimi lwemvelo. Cishe ngoJanuwari 2018, uSophia wathuthukiswa ngemilenze esebenzayo nokukwazi ukuhamba. I-CNBC iphawule ngesikhumba "esifana nempilo" sikaSophia kanye nekhono lakhe lokulingisa ubuso obungaphezulu kwama-60.

USophia ufana ngokomqondo nohlelo lwekhompyutha i-ELIZA, okwakungomunye wemizamo yokuqala yokulingisa ingxoxo yabantu. Isoftware ihlelwe ukuthi inikeze izimpendulo ezibhalwe ngaphambilini kumibuzo ethile noma amabinzana, njenge- chatbot . Lezi zimpendulo zisetshenziselwa ukudala inkohliso yokuthi irobhothi liyakwazi ukuqonda ingxoxo, kufaka phakathi izimpendulo zesitoko semibuzo efana nokuthi "Ingabe umnyango uvulekile noma uvaliwe?" Ku-2017 uHanson Robotics umemezele izinhlelo zokuvulela uSophia imvelo yamafu kusetshenziswa imakethe ye- blockchain esezingeni eliphansi.

UDavid Hanson uthe uSophia ekugcineni uzobe elungele ukusebenza kwezokunakekelwa kwezempilo, ukuhlinzeka ngamakhasimende, ukwelashwa kanye nemfundo. Ku-2019 uSophia ukhombise amandla okwenza imidwebo, kufaka phakathi ama-portraits.

Isibalo somphakathi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

NgoNovemba 21, 2017, uSophia waqokwa njengompetha wokuqala ngqa we-United Nations Development Programme wase -Asia nasePacific. Lesi simemezelo senziwe kwi-Responsible Business Forum eSingapore, umcimbi obusingathwe yi-UNDP e-Asia nasePacific naseGlobal Initiatives. Njengengxenye yendima yakhe, uSophia uzosiza ukuvula izindlela ezintsha zokusebenzela ukufeza Izinjongo Zentuthuko Esimeme Zesizwe Esibumbene. Esiteji, wabelwa umsebenzi wakhe wokuqala yi-UNDP Asia Pacific Chief of Policy and Program, uJaco Cilliers. [1]

USophia uvele kuma-CBS 60 Minutes noCharlie Rose, [2] eGood Morning Britain noPiers Morgan, [3] nezitolo ezinjenge-CNBC, Forbes, Mashable, New York Times, iWall Street Journal, i- Guardian, ne- Tonight Show Kudlala uJimmy Fallon . USophia waqhamuka embikweni wonyaka we-AUDI futhi wayesekhaveni yomagazini i- ELLE Brasil .USophia uphinde wavela kumavidiyo nakumavidiyo omculo, kufaka phakathi iThe White King,nanjengomlingiswa wesifazane ohamba phambili kumculo we-pop womculi we-pop u-Leehom Wang AI [4]

Ukubukeka kukaSophia kuvezwe indlovukazi yokudonsa uGigi Goode esiqeshini se- "Snatch Game" sesizini seshumi nambili <i id="mwig">seRuPaul's Drag Race</i> . UGoode uwine lesi siqephu nomlingisi wakhe "uMaria the Robot", ebhekise kakhulu kuSophia futhi waqanjwa ngegama lerobhothi elivezwe kwifilimu iFritz Lang <i id="mwjQ">Metropolis</i> .

Imicimbi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

USophia ekhuluma nesixuku, 2017
USophia noMukhisa Kituyi, uHoulin Zhao noTedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus ngo-2018

USophia kuxoxwe naye ngendlela efanayo nomuntu, eqala izingxoxo nababungazi. Ezinye izimpendulo bezingamampunge, kanti ezinye ziye zahlaba umxhwele abaxoxisana nabo abanjengoMizuzu engama-60 uCharlie Rose . Esiqeshini se-CNBC, lapho obexoxa naye ezwakalisa ukukhathazeka ngokuziphatha kwamarobhothi, uSophia uncokole wathi "ubelokhu efunda kakhulu u-Elon Musk . Futhi ubuke amafilimu amaningi kakhulu aseHollywood ". UMusk ubhale kuTwitter ukuthi uSophia kufanele abuke iThe Godfather futhi abuze ukuthi "yini embi kakhulu engenzeka?" Umhleli weBusiness Insider wase-UK uJim Edwards uxoxisane noSophia, kwathi izimpendulo zingasabeki neze, wabikezela ukuthi wayezothatha isinyathelo sokuba "yingxoxo yokubonisana". Ku-2018 Consumer Electronics Show, intatheli ye- BBC News ichaze ukukhuluma noSophia "njengesipiliyoni esingesihle neze".

Imininingwane[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Izinkomba[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. Sophia the Robot is UNDP's Innovation Champion for Asia-Pacific, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BwFEFQUDNTs, retrieved January 4, 2018 
  2. Charlie Rose interviews... a robot?, https://www.cbsnews.com/videos/charlie-rose-interviews-a-robot/, retrieved January 4, 2018 
  3. Humanoid Robot Tells Jokes on GMB! | Good Morning Britain, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kWlL4KjIP4M, retrieved January 4, 2018 
  4. 王力宏 Leehom Wang《A.I. 愛》官方 Official MV, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R4DuqEL0ChQ, retrieved January 4, 2018