I-glucose

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I-glucose iyishukela elula nefomula yamangqamuzana C6H12O6. I-glucose yi-monosaccharide egcwele kakhulu, isigaba esingaphansi kwama-carbohydrate. I-glucose yenziwa kakhulu izitshalo nobulembu obuningi ngesikhathi se-photosynthesis kusuka emanzini nase-carbon dioxide, kusetshenziswa amandla avela elangeni, lapho isetshenziselwa ukwenza i-cellulose ezindongeni zamaseli, i-carbohydrate eningi kunazo zonke emhlabeni. umthombo wamandla kuzo zonke izinto eziphilayo. I-glucose yemetabolism igcinwa njenge-polymer, ezitshalweni ikakhulukazi njengesitashi ne-amylopectin, nasezilwaneni njenge-glycogen. I-glucose ijikeleza egazini lezilwane njengoshukela wegazi. Uhlobo olwenzeka ngokwemvelo lwe-glucose yi-d-glucose, kuyilapho i-l-glucose ikhiqizwa ngokwenziwa ngamanani amancane uma kuqhathaniswa futhi ibaluleke kancane. I-Glucose iyi-monosaccharide equkethe ama-athomu ayisithupha e-carbon neqembu le-aldehyde, ngakho-ke iyi-aldohexose. I-molecule ye-glucose ingaba khona nge-open-chain (acyclic) kanye nefomu le-ring (cyclic). I-glucose yenzeka ngokwemvelo futhi itholakala ezithelweni nakwezinye izingxenye zezitshalo zikhululekile. Ezilwaneni, i-glucose ikhishwa ekuwohlokeni kwe-glycogen kunqubo eyaziwa njenge-glycogenolysis.

Glucose_stereochemistryIsakhiwo namakhamikhali