IUUI

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Isayensi, Ubuchwepheshe, Ubunjiniyela, futhi imathemathiki (IUUI, isiNgisi: Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, STEM), [1] Igama elithi eqenjini ndawonye lezi eyala zezemfundo. [2] Leli gama livame ukusetshenziswa lapho kukhulunywa ngenqubomgomo yezemfundo nokukhethwa kwekharikhulamu ezikoleni ukwenza ngcono ukuncintisana ekuthuthukisweni kwesayensi nezobuchwepheshe. Inemithelela ngentuthuko yabasebenzi, ukukhathazeka kwezokuphepha kuzwelonke nenqubomgomo yokufuduka. Isayensi e IUUI ngokuvamile libhekisela ezimbili aphume ezintathu ezinkulu amagatsha yesayensi : isayensi yemvelo, kuhlanganise ibhayoloji, amafiziki, futhi ikhemistri, futhi wesayensi esisemthethweni, zazo wezibalo isibonelo, kanye logic futhi izibalo ; igatsha lesithathu elikhulu lesayensi, isayensi yezenhlalo, kufaka phakathi isayensi yezengqondo, isayensi yezenhlalo kanye nesayensi yezepolitiki, lihlukaniswe ngokuhlukile kwamanye amagatsha amabili esayensi, futhi esikhundleni salokho bahlanganiswa ndawonye nobuntu nezobuciko ukwenza elinye igama elichazwe ngokuthi UUNY - Ubuntu, Ubuciko, Nesayensi futhi Yezenhlalo. (isiNgisi: HASS - Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences) [3]

Abesifazane[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Abesifazane bakha amaphesenti angama-47 abasebenzi baseMelika, futhi benza ama-24% emisebenzi ehlobene ne-IUUI. [4] E-UK abesifazane benza ama-13% emisebenzi ehlobene ne-IUUI (2014). [5] E-US abesifazane abane-IUUI izinga banamathuba amaningi okusebenza emfundweni noma ekunakekelweni kwezempilo kunamasimu we-IUUI ngokuqhathaniswa nabalingani babo besilisa.

Ukulinganiselwa kobulili kuncike emkhakheni wokufunda. Isibonelo, Iyuniyani yase-Europe ngonyaka ka-2012 abesifazane bakha ama-47.3% wezobonke, ama-51% ezesayensi yezenhlalo, ezamabhizinisi nezomthetho, ama-42% esayensi, izibalo kanye nekhompyutha, ama-28% wobunjiniyela, okokukhiqiza nokwakha, kanye no-59% yabafundi abaphothule kwi-PhD kwezempilo nakwezenhlalonhle.

Izixhumanisi Zangaphandle[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

NASA information for educators

  1. Hallinen, Judith (Oct 21, 2015). "STEM Education Curriculum".
  2. "Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education: A Primer" (PDF).
  3. "Language, Thought, and Values" (PDF).
  4. "Women in STEM: 2017 Update". Kulandwe ngomhlaka September 15, 2018.
  5. "Science careers face diversity challenge".