Isi-Azabaijani

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Ama-Azerbaijani (/ ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒæni, -ɑːni/; Azerbaijani: Azərbaycanlılar, آذربایجانلیلار‎) Abantu baseTurkic abahlala ikakhulukazi enyakatho-ntshonalanga ye-Iran kanye nenani elincane labantu eRiphabhulikhi yase-Azerbaijan elizimele, elinamagugu amasiko axubile, okuhlanganisa izakhi zaseCaucasian, Iranian kanye neTurkic.Bangeqembu lesibili ngobuningi phakathi kwabantu abakhuluma isiTurkic ngemva kwabantu baseTurkey futhi iningi labo lingamaSulumane angamaShia.Bahlanganisa isizwe esikhulu kunazo zonke eRiphabhulikhi yase-Azerbaijan kanye neqembu lesibili ngobukhulu emazweni angomakhelwane i-Iran neGeorgia.Bakhuluma ulimi lwesi-Azerbaijani, oluyingxenye yegatsha lesi-Oghuz lezilimi zesiTurkic.

amantombazane angamaAzerbayijan

Ngemva kwezimpi zaseRussia-Persian zango-1813 no-1828, izindawo zase-Qajar Iran eCaucasus zanikelwa eMbusweni WaseRussia, futhi izivumelwano zaseGulistan ngo-1813 kanye neTurkmenchay ngo-1828 zaphothula imingcele phakathi kweRussia ne-Iran.Ngemva kweminyaka engaphezu kuka-80. iminyaka yokuba ngaphansi koMbuso WaseRussia eCaucasus, i-Azerbaijan Democratic Republic yasungulwa ngo-1918 eyasungula indawo yeRiphabhulikhi yase-Azerbaijan.

Ulimi lwesi-Azerbaijani luhlobene eduze nesi-Turkish, i-Qashqai, isiGagauz, isiTurkmen nesi-Crimean Tatar, zabelana ngamazinga ahlukahlukene okuqonda ngokuqondana ngalowo nalowo limi. ngemva kweminyaka ecishe ibe ngamakhulu amabili yokwehlukana phakathi kwemiphakathi ekhuluma lolu limi; ukuqondana, nokho, kulondoloziwe.Ngaphezu kwalokho, izilimi zesiTurkey nesi-Azerbaijani ziqondakala kahle ngendlela yokuthi izikhulumi zingaba nezingxoxo ezilula ngaphandle kokwazi ezinye.

Igama[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

I-Azerbaijan kukholakala ukuthi yethiwa nge-Atropates, i-Persiansatrap (umbusi) owayebusa e-Atropatene (i-Azerbaijan yamanje yase-Iranian) cishe ngo-321 BC: 2  Igama elithi Atropates liwuhlobo lwe-Hellenistic lwe-Old Persian Aturpat okusho ukuthi 'umqaphi womlilo' ngokwalo inhlanganisela ye I-ātūr 'fire' (kamuva yaguqulwa yaba ngu-ādur (آذر) ngesi-(ekuqaleni) kwe-New Persian, futhi ibizwa ngokuthi āzar namuhla)+ -pat isijobelelo se- -guardian, -lord, -master (-pat ekuqaleni kwe-Middle Persian, -bod (بُد) ) ngesiPheresiya Elisha).

Igama lanamuhla elithi Azerbaijan liyisi-Arabhu elisuselwa kwelesi-Āzarpāyegān (isiPheresiya: آذرپایگان) elisho ukuthi 'abagadi bomlilo' kamuva lonakaliswa laba yi-Azerbaijan (isiPheresiya: آذربایجان) ngenxa yokushintsha kwezwi kusuka ku/p/ kuya ku/b/ kanye /g/ kuya ku /dʒ/ okuwumphumela wethonya lama-Arabhu enkathi ephakathi eyalandela ukuhlasela kwama-Arabhu e-Iran, futhi kungenxa yokuntuleka kwefonimu /p/ kanye /g/ ngolimi lwesi-Arabhu.Igama elithi Azarpāyegān ngokwalo ekugcineni lisuselwa kwelindala. I-Persian Āturpātakān (isiPheresiya:okusho 'izwe elihlotshaniswa (ne-satrap) i-Aturpat' noma 'izwe labalindi bomlilo' (-an, lapha garbled into -kān , yisijobelelo sokuhlobanisa noma ukwakha izandiso nobuningi; isb: I-Gilan 'land ehlotshaniswa neGil people').

Isiko[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ezicini eziningi, ama-Azerbaijani angama-Eurasia futhi amasiko amabili. Ama-Azerbaijani ase-Azerbaijani Republic athathe amathonya aseSoviet naseMpumalanga Yurophu, kuyilapho ama-Iranian Azeris agcine isiko lawo elifana kakhulu nesiko labanye abantu base-Iranian kuhlanganise namaPheresiya namaKurds. Isiko lesimanje lesi-Azerbaijani lihlanganisa impumelelo ebalulekile ezincwadini, ubuciko, umculo, nefilimu.