Izibhalo zamaphatho

Mayelana Wikipedia
iNgqoqelolwazi i- Brockhaus Enzyklopädie, okuyincwadi yendabuko eyaziwa kakhulu emazweni akhuluma isiJalimane
INgqoqelolwazi ekhethekileyo ebizwa Lexikon des Mittelalters yesiJalimani
INgqoqelolwazi ebizwa Encyclopædia Britannica, uhlelo lwe-15th

Isibhalo samaphatho siwumsebenzi ongeyona inganeko, ofana nephepha lwakwaNgqondonkulu, incwadi noma isigqwaba (periodic), okuyizinto umuntu angabhekisela kuzo ukuthola ukwaziswa.[1] Ukwaziswa kwazo kuhloswe ukuba kutholakale ngokushesha lapho kudingeka. Izibhalo lezi zivame ukuphathwa lapho kudingidwa okunye ukwaziswa, kunokuthi zifundwe ngokuphelele. Inkobo yokubhala esetshenziswa kulezibhalo idlulisa ukwaziswa; ababhali bagwema ukusebenzisa inkomba siqu, futhi bagcizelela iziminya.

Izikhomba ziwulwangu olugcwele kakhulu ezibhalweni zamaphatho. Izibhalo zamaphatho eziningi zihlanganiswa amathimba wabanikezeli abaqondiswa umhleli oyedwa noma abaningana, kunokuba nomlobi oyedwa. Amahlelo aphuculiwe nawo avame ukushicilelwa lapho edingeka, mhlawumbe kanye ngonyaka.

Izibhalo zamaphatho zihlanganisa izinsizakufunda, Izincwadi zonyaka, amabalazwe, izichazamibhalo, izichazamazwi ezichazimibhalo, izinjengamazwi ezifana nezinjengamazwi zomtapowolwazi nezobuciko, Izincwadi zezikhombo, izichazamazwi, izikhombo ezifana nezikhombo zemihibo nezikhombo zocingo, izingqoqelalwazi, izichazamafilimu, amaphephandaba kahulumeni, izikhomba ezifana nezikhombo zomchazamibhalo nezezingcaphuno, njll.[2] Iningi lezibhalo zamaphatho ziyatholakala ngohlobo lwesingabuzuba okungaba ihlelokusebenza lamaphatho, ama-SiDi-ROM, amaDividi, noma ngoxhakaxholo. I-Wikipedia, okuyingqoqelalwazi ekuxhakaxholo, iyisibhalo samaphatho kokubili esikhulu nesifundwa kakhulu emlandweni.[3]

Imithombo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. "Reference". The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary. Merriam-Webster Inc.. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reference. Retrieved 29 November 2019. 
  2. Reitz, Joan M. (10 January 2013). "Reference book". Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science. https://products.abc-clio.com/ODLIS/odlis_r#refbook. Retrieved 29 November 2019. 
  3. "Wikipedia is 20, and its reputation has never been higher". The Economist. 9 January 2021. Archived from the original on 31 December 2022. Kulandwe ngomhlaka May 31, 2021. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)