Muhammad

From Wikipedia

Muhammad (Arabic: محمد) (c 570 CE - 632 CE Juni 8.) [1] kuyinto umsunguli we Islam.[2] Ubizwa ngokuthi "umprofethi oNgcwele" for Muslims. Yena lo mprofethi last eyayithunywe uNkulunkulu ukubuyisela Islam.

Ukuzalwa[hlela | edit source]

Muhammad wazalwa cishe 570 CE emzini ka Arabia Mecca. Igama likaYise Abdullah. Igama likamama Amina.[3]

ukuphila eMecca[hlela | edit source]

Ebuntwaneni[hlela | edit source]

Ubaba Muhammad washona ezinyangeni 6 ngaphambi kokuba azalwe. Ngesikhathi ngineminyaka eyisithupha ubudala, Muhammad walahlekelwa unina Amina waba uyintandane.[4] Phakathi neminyaka emibili eyalandela, waze waba neminyaka eyisishiyagalombili ubudala, Muhammad kwaba ngaphansi sivikelwe kakhokho wakhe abdul Muttalib. At Teenages Muhammad ephelezelwa umalume wakhe, Syria ukuhweba uhambo. Ngenxa yobuntu bakhe okuhle wathola isidlaliso "Al-Amin", okusho "ethembekile, enokwethenjelwa" futhi "al-Sadiq," okusho ukuthi "truthful".[5]

ngesambulo sokuqala[hlela | edit source]

umnyango emhumeni Hira

Lapho Muhammad eneminyaka engu-40 ubudala, wayesanda bachitha amahora amaningi bezama uzama umthandazo.[6] Muhammad ukucabangela bokuvukela komphakathi, ukungabi nabulungisa, ukubandlulula okwandile ngokumelene nabo phakathi kwezizwe zakwa. In Hira emhumeni ingelosi jibril bavele ngaphambi Muhammad. jibril wathi "Funda", kodwa Muhammad waphendula: "Angikwazi ukufunda". ingelosi wambamba, wamgona. Muhammad Ivesi lokuqala Quranic lithi. lena ngesambulo sokuqala.

Imithombo[hlela | edit source]

  1. Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition. Many earlier (mainly non-Islamic) traditions refer to him as still alive at the time of the invasion of Palestine. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam,Template:Page needed University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
  2. Morgan, Diane (2009). Essential Islam: A Comprehensive Guide to Belief and Practice. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-313-36025-1. https://books.google.com/?id=U94S6N2zECAC&pg=PA101&dq=non-Muslims+Muhammad+%22founder+of+islam%22#v=onepage&q=non-Muslims%20Muhammad%20%22founder%20of%20islam%22&f=false. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  3. Watt, Amina, Encyclopaedia of Islam
  4. Watt (1974), p. 8.
  5. Shibli Nomani. Sirat-un-Nabi. Vol 1 Lahore