Priapism

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Ukubekwa phambili kwesimo yisimo lapho ipipi lihlala limile khona amahora uma kungekho ukushukuma noma ngemuva kokuphela kokuvuselela. [1] Kunezinhlobo ezintathu: ischemic (low-flow), nonischemic (high-flow), kanye ne-ischemic ephindaphindwayo (ngezikhathi ezithile). [1]Izimo eziningi ziyi-ischemic. [1] I-Ischemic priapism ivame ukuba buhlungu ngenkathi ukungahloniphi okungeyona imischemic kungenjalo. [1] Ku-ischemic priapism, iningi lomthondo linzima; noma kunjalo, i- glans penis ayiyona. [1] Ngokwe-priapism engeyona eyamakhemikhali, wonke umthondo unzima ngandlela thile. [1] Kuyaqabukela kakhulu, ukuthambekela kokuhlangana kwenzeka kwabesifazane.

Isifo se-Sickle cell yisona sizathu esivame kakhulu se-ischemic priapism. [1]Ezinye izimbangela zibandakanya imishanguzo efana ne- antipsychotic, i- SSRIs, i- blood thinner ne- prostaglandin E1, kanye nezidakamizwa ezifana ne- cocaine ne- cannabis . [1]I-Ischemic priapism yenzeka lapho igazi lingakhiphi ngokwanele kusuka endodeni. [1] I-nonischemic priapism imvamisa ingenxa yokuxhuma okwenzeka phakathi komthambo kanye ne- corpus cavernosum noma ukuphazamiseka kohlelo lwezinzwa lwe-parasympathetic okuholela ekwandeni kokugeleza kwemithambo. [1]I-nonischemic priapism ingenzeka kulandela ukuhlukumezeka kwepipi noma ukulimala komgogodla . [1]Ukuxilongwa kungasekelwa ngokuhlaziywa kwegesi egazini kwegazi elivela kupipi noma i- ultrasound . [1]

Ukwelashwa kuya ngohlobo. [1]I-Ischemic priapism ivame ukwelashwa nge- block block yomthondo elandelwa ukufisa kwegazi okuvela ku- corpora cavernosa . [1]Uma lokhu kunganele, i-corpus cavernosum inganiselwa ngamakhaza, usawoti ojwayelekile noma ijovwe nge- phenylephrine . [1]I-nonischemic priapism ivame ukwelashwa ngamaphakethe abandayo nokucindezela. [1]Ukuhlinzwa kungenziwa uma izinyathelo ezijwayelekile zingasebenzi. [1]Ekucabangeni okuyischemic, ubungozi bokunqunyulwa unomphela kwenduku buqala ukwanda ngemuva kwamahora amane futhi kwenzeka nakanjani ngemuva kwamahora angama-48. [1]I-Priapism yenzeka cishe kwabangu-1 000 kuya kwabangu-1 kwabesilisa abayi-100,000 ngonyaka. [1]

Ukuhlukaniswa[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

I-Priapism ihlukaniswe ngamaqembu amathathu: ischemic (low-flow), nonischemic (high-flow), kanye ne-ischemic ephindaphindayo. [1]Iningi lamacala (ayi-19 kwangu-20) angama-ischemic ngokwemvelo. [1]

Eminye imithombo inika isikhathi samahora amane njengenchazelo yobuningi, kepha eminye inika ayisithupha."Isikhathi sokwakhiwa okujwayelekile ngaphambi kokuba kuhlukaniswe njengoba kusasakazwa kusengumbango.Ukuqubuka okuqhubekayo kwepenile ngaphezulu kwamahora we-6 kungahlukaniswa njengokubheka phambili. "

Ukubekwa phambili kwabesifazane (kuyaqhubeka, ukwakhiwa okubuhlungu kwe- clitoris ) kuyivelakancane kakhulu kunokukhathazeka emadodeni futhi kwaziwa njenge-clitoral priapism noma i-clitorism.Ihlotshaniswa nokuphikelela kokuphazamiseka kocansi okuqhubekayo (i-PGAD).Imibiko yamacala ambalwa kuphela yabesifazane abahlangabezana nokukhathazeka ngokweqile okukhona. [2]

Izimpawu nezimpawu[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Izinkinga[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ngoba ischemic priapism ibangela ukuthi igazi lihlale endondeni isikhathi eside ngokungavamile, igazi liphucwa umoya-mpilo, ongahle ulimaze izicubu zepenile.Umonakalo onjalo ungadala ukungasebenzi kahle kwe-erectile noma ukukhubazeka kwesitho sangasese sowesilisa.Ezimweni ezimbi kakhulu, uma umthondo eba nesifo esinzima semithambo, le priapism kungaholela penile esibhibhayo . [3]

Izimbangela[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ukubaluleka kokugeleza okuphansi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Izimbangela ze-low flow priapism zifaka i- sickle cell anemia (evame kakhulu ezinganeni), i- leukemia, namanye ama-dyscrasias egazi afana ne- thalassemia ne- myeloma eminingi, nokusetshenziswa kwezidakamizwa ezahlukahlukene, kanye nomdlavuza. [4]

Ezinye izimo ezinjengesifo sikaFabry, kanye nezinkinga ze-neurologic ezinjengezilonda zomgogodla kanye nokuhlukumezeka komgogodla (i-priapism ibikiwe kubantu ababelengisiwe; bheka ukwakhiwa kokufa ).

Ubuningi bokugeleza okuphezulu[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Izimbangela zokuchaphazeleka okuphezulu zihlanganisa ukuhlukumezeka okungaqondile kwi-perineum noma ipipi, ngokuqhekeka komthambo we-cavernous, ongaveza i-arterial-lacunar fistula. [4]

I-Ultrasonography[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

I-Sickle cell anemia[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ku-sickle-cell anemia, ukwelashwa kuqala nguketshezi olufakwa emithanjeni, imithi yezinhlungu, kanye nokwelashwa komoya-mpilo . [5] [1] Ukwelashwa okujwayelekile kwe-priapism nakho kungenziwa.Ukumpontshelwa igazi akuvamile kunconywe njengengxenye yokwelashwa kokuqala, kodwa uma ezinye izindlela zokwelapha zingasebenzi, ukumpontshelwa igazi kungenziwa. [1]

Umlando[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ama-semi-erections aqhubekayo kanye nezikhathi ezithile zokumiswa okude isikhathi eside kwesinye isikhathi kuye kwabizwa ngokuthi yi-semi-priapism. [6]

Amagama[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Igama livela esiGrekini unkulunkulu Priapus ( Ancient Greek ), unkulunkulu wenzalo, ovame ukumelelwa nge-erection enkulu enkulu ngokungenakulinganiswa.

Izinkomba[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 Podolej. Emergency Department Management Of Priapism..  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "EM2017" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "EM2017" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "EM2017" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "EM2017" defined multiple times with different content
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  3. Penile Gangrene: An Unusual Complication of Priapism in a Patient with Bladder Carcinoma. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Originally copied from:

    Ultrasound evaluation of the penis.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FernandesSouza2018" defined multiple times with different content
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NIH2014
  6. Newman Herbert F., Northup Jane D. (1981). Mechanism of human penile erection: an overview.