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Ukunikela ngesidoda

Mayelana Wikipedia

Ukunikela kwesidoda ukuhlinzekwa yindoda yesidoda sayo ngenhloso yokuthi isetshenziswe ekufakweni kwesidalwa okufakelwayo noma okunye 'ukwelashwa kokuzala' kowesifazane noma kwabesifazane abangabalingani bakhe bezocansi ukuze bakhulelwe nguye.Lapho ukukhulelwa kufinyelela esigabeni esigcwele, lowo onikela ngesidoda uzoba ngubaba wengane yazo zonke izingane ezizalwe ngeminikelo yakhe.

The man is known as a 'sperm donor' and the sperm he provides is known as 'donor sperm' because the intention is that the man will give up all legal rights to any child produced from his sperm, and will not be the legal father.

Ukunikela kwesidoda kungaziwa nangokuthi 'umnikelo wesidoda'.Indoda inikela ngesidoda sayo kepha inhloso yomnikelo ukuthi ama-gametes akhe aqukethwe ngaphakathi kwesidoda, okungukuthi amaseli wesidoda, asetshenziselwe ukuhlinzekela ukukhulelwa kwabantu besithathu.

Sperm donation enables a man to father a child for third-party women and is therefore categorized as a form of third-party reproduction.

Ukuhlinzekelwa[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Umnikeli wesidoda anganikela ngesidoda ngasese noma ngebhange lesidoda, i-ejensi yesidoda, noma elinye ilungiselelo lokuhweba.Iminikelo evela kubanikeli abazimele ivame ukwenziwa kusetshenziswa ukufakelwa isidoda okufakelwayo.

Ngokuvamile, owesilisa ohlinzeka ngesidoda njengomuntu onikela ngesidoda unikela ngawo wonke amalungelo asemthethweni namanye amalungelo ngaphezu kwezingane ezizalwayo ezikhiqizwe esidunjini sakhe.Ukuhlelwa kwangasese kungavumela izinga elithile lobuzali ngokubambisana yize lokhu kungeke kube 'ukunikela kwesidoda', futhi ukuphoqelela kwalezo zivumelwano kuyahluka ngokwamandla.

Abanikeli bangakhokhelwa noma bangakhokhelwa, ngokuya ngemithetho yendawo nezinhlelo okuvunyelwene ngazo.Ngisho nasezinhlelweni ezingakhokhelwa, izindleko zivame ukubuyiselwa.Ngokuya ngomthetho wendawo kanye nezinhlelo ezizimele, abesilisa banganikela ngokungaziwa noma bavume ukunikeza imininingwane ekhomba izingane zabo ngokuzayo. Iminikelo yangasese eyenziwe yinkampani ivame ukusebenzisa umnikeli "oqondisiwe", lapho owesilisa eyalela ukuthi isidoda sakhe sisetshenziswe ngumuntu othile. Abanikeli abangaziwa nabo babizwa nangokuthi "abanikeli abaziwayo", "abanikeli abavulekile" noma "abanikeli bokuveza ulwazi".

Ukubuyekezwa kocwaningo phakathi kwabaxhasi kwaba nemiphumela yokuthi abezindaba kanye nezikhangiso zisebenza kahle kakhulu ekuheheni abanikeli, nokuthi i-intanethi iya ngokuya ibaluleke kakhulu kule njongo. [1] Ukuqashwa kabusha ngemibhangqwana enezinkinga zokungabi nenzalo endaweni yezenhlalo yomnikeli wesidoda akubonakali kubalulekile ekuqashweni ngokuphelele. [1]

Amabhange wesidoda[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

  Umnikeli wesidoda uvame ukunikela ngesidoda ebhange lesidoda ngaphansi kwenkontileka, okucacisa isikhathi lapho umnikeli kuzodingeka ukuthi akhiqize isidoda, ngokuvamile esukela ezinyangeni eziyisithupha kuya kweziyi-24 ngokuya ngenani lokukhulelwa ibhange lesidoda elihlose ngalo ukukhiqiza kusuka kumnikeli.Uma ibhange lesidoda likwazi ukufinyelela ezimakethe zomhlaba isib.ngokuthengisa okuqondile, noma ukuthengisa emitholampilo engaphandle kwegunya lalo, owesilisa anganikela isikhathi eside kuneminyaka emibili, njengoba ubungozi bokudla kuncishisiwe (yize imithetho yendawo iyehluka kakhulu).

Inkontileka ingacacisa futhi indawo namahora wokunikela, imfuneko yokwazisa ibhange lesidoda uma kungenzeka ithole ukutheleleka ngokocansi, kanye nemfuneko yokungalali noma ukushaya indlwabu isikhathi esiyizinsuku ezi-2 kuya kwezi-3 ngaphambi kokwenza umnikelo.

Isidoda esinikezwe yibhange lesidoda sizokhiqizwa ngumnikeli ohambele emagcekeni ebhange lesidoda ukuze aqinisekise ukuthi umnikeli ungubani ngaso sonke isikhathi.Umnikeli ushaya indlwabu ukuhlinzeka nge-ejaculate noma ngokusebenzisa i-stimuli kagesi, yize ikhondomu ekhethekile, eyaziwa njengekhondomu yokuqoqa, ingasetshenziswa ukuqoqa isidoda ngesikhathi socansi.I-ejaculate iqoqwa esitsheni esincane, esivame ukunwetshwa ngamakhemikhali ukuze kunikezwe izitsha eziningi, ngayinye yazo ingasetshenziselwa ukufakelwa okuhlukile.Isidoda simisiwe futhi sihlukanisiwe, imvamisa isikhathi esiyizinyanga eziyisithupha, futhi umnikeli uphinde ahlolwe ngaphambi kwesidoda esisetshenziselwa ukufakelwa isidoda okufakelwayo.

Izitsha ezifriziwe zizobe sezidayiswa ngqo kumamukeli noma kudokotela noma esikhungweni sokuzala futhi zizosetshenziswa ekwelashweni kokuzala.Lapho owesifazane ekhulelwa ngumnikeli, lokho kukhulelwa nokuzalwa okulandelayo kufanele kubikwe ebhange lesidoda ukuze kugcine irekhodi lenani lokukhulelwa elikhiqizwe kumnikeli ngamunye.

  1. 1.0 1.1 "A systematic review of sperm donors: demographic characteristics, attitudes, motives and experiences of the process of sperm donation". Human Reproduction Update 19 (1): 37–51. 2012. doi:10.1093/humupd/dms039. PMID 23146866.