Amafuthetshe

Mayelana Wikipedia
isangulo samafuthetshe.
isixakaxo esimpompa amafutha eduze neLubbock, Texas.
Isincakuzi samafutha e-Mina Al Ahmadi, Kuwait.

Amafuthetshe, aziwa nangokuthi amafutha angahluziwe, noma uwoyela nje, ayingxube yomCalahwanzi (hydrocarbon) owuketshezi omnyama-saphuzi okhandeka ngokwemvelo futhi otholakala ekwakhekeni kwamadwala. Igama elithi amafuthetshe lihlanganisa kokubili amafutha angahluziwe akhandeka ngokwemvelo kanye nemikhiqizo ebandakanya amafutha ayifukutho elincakuziwe. Njengoba ayisivuthisi esiyintshico (fossil fuel), amafuthetshe akhandeka lapho izindimbane ezinkulu zeziphili ezifile, iningi lazo okuyiZiloleza (zooplankton) ne-algae, zigqibeka ngaphansi kwamadwala anzika futhi zibhekana nomchadamezo nomfutho isikhathi eside.