ISodomy

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UFrançois Elluin, abaseSodoma bavusa ulaka lukaNkulunkulu, kusuka eLe Pot-Pourri de Loth, 1781

Sodomy ( /s ɒ d əm i / ) noma buggery ( British English ) ngokuvamile ucansi lwendunu noma ubulili bomlomo phakathi kwabantu noma umsebenzi wocansi komuntu isilwane okungezona ezabantu ( nesilwane ), kodwa kungase futhi kusho noma ukuphi ucansi elingekho lokuzala.Ekuqaleni, igama elithi sodomy, elisuselwa endabeni yeSodoma neGomora eNcwadini kaGenesise,lalivame ukuvinjelwa ocansini lwendunu.Imithetho yeSodomy emazweni amaningi yenza lokhu kuziphatha kube yicala.Emazweni aseNtshonalanga, eminingi yale mithetho iguquliwe noma kaningi ayiphoqelelwa.

Amagama[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Leli gama lisuselwa ku- Ecclesiastical Latin peccatum Sodomiticum noma "isono saseSodoma",sona esivela egameni lasendulo lesiGreki elithi Σόδομα (ISódoma).UGenesise (izahluko18-20) usitshela ukuthi uNkulunkulu wayefisa kanjani ukubhubhisa imizi "enesono" yaseSodoma naseGomora.Izingelosi ezimbili zimenywa uLoti ukuba ziphephele nomndeni wakhe ebusuku.

Amadoda aseSodoma azungeze indlu kaLoti futhi afuna ukuba akhiphe izithunywa ukuze "zizazi" (le nkulumo ifaka nezincazelo zocansi).ULoti ubhikisha ethi "izithunywa" izivakashi zakhe futhi unikeza abaseSodoma amadodakazi akhe ayizintombi esikhundleni salokho, kodwa-ke basongela ngokuthi "bazokwenza okubi kakhulu" noLoti kunalokho abebengenza ngezivakashi zakhe.Khona-ke izingelosi zashaya abaseSodoma izimpumputhe, "baze bazikhathaza ukuthola umnyango" (Genesise 19: 4-11, KJV ).

NgesiNgisi sanamuhla[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ekusetshenzisweni kwamanje, leli gama lisetshenziswa ikakhulukazi emthethweniImithetho evimbela ubungqingili ibonwa kaningi emiphakathini yangaphambilini yamaJuda,yamaKrestu neyamaSulumane, kepha leli gama alisebenzisi kangako ngaphandle kwe-Afrika, i-Asia ne-United States.

Le mithetho eUnited States iphonselwe inselelo futhi kwesinye isikhathi itholakale ingahambisani nomthethosisekelo noma yathathelwa indawo imithetho ehlukile

Igama elithi sod, ibizo noma isenzo (to "sod off") elisetshenziswe njengenhlamba, lisuselwa kusodomite.Kuyinkulumo ehlambalaza inhloso ejwayelekile yanoma ngubani isikhulumi esingamthandi ngaphandle kokubhekiswa ngqo ekuziphatheni kwabo ngokocansi. ISod isetshenziswa njenge-slang e-United Kingdom nase- Commonwealth futhi ithathwa njengecasulayo.(Igama elithi 'sod' linencazelo futhi ye "(clump of) earth" ene-etymology engahlobene,lapho kungukuthi kuyivelakancane kepha ayicasuli.

Ibona ngezinye izilimi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ama-cognates amaningi kwezinye izilimi, njenge- French sodomie (isenzo sodomiser ), sodomía yaseSpain (isenzo sodomizar ),kanye ne- Portuguese sodomia (isenzo sodomizar ), isetshenziselwa kuphela ucansi lwendunu lokungena, okungenani kusukela ekuqaleni kwekhulu leshumi nesishiyagalolunye.Kulezo zilimi, leli gama futhi livame ukuba ngolimi lwendabuko (hhayi nje ngokomthetho, ngokungafani nakwamanye amasiko) kanye nendlela esemthethweni yokubhekisa kunoma imuphi umkhuba wokungena ngendunu;wobulili izwi liphathelene kwemvume futhi injabulo mayelana zonke abathintekayo futhi ngokuvamile uyakugwema ukusho kuwo ngqo izici ezimbili ezivamile zenhlalo Taboo-Ubulili kanye ingquza - ngaphandle nokuyeka noma isetshenziswe ngomqondo zakudala ngokusetshenziswa kwayo.

NgesiJalimane sanamuhla, igama elithi Sodomie ayinakho ukuqondaniswa nobulili bendunu noma bomlomo futhi ibhekisa ikakhulukazi ekulindeni nezilwane.[1]Okufanayo kuya ngePoland sodomia.sodomia.Igama lesiNorway elithi sodomi kuthwala zombili izinzwa. NgesiDanish, sodomi Kuhunyushwa ngokuthi " ulwazi olungokwemvelo olungokwemvelo nomuntu wobulili obufanayo noma (manje) nezilwane.

Ngo -Arabhu futhi Persian, igama elithi sodomy, لواط liwāṭ Arabhu: liwāṭ ;Ukubiza amagama asePheresiya lavât ), itholakala emthonjeni ofanayo nasenkambisweni yaseNtshonalanga,inezincazelo ezifanayo kakhulu nesiNgisi (kubhekiswa ezenzweni zocansi eziningi ezingavunyelwe yiKurani ).Ukubhekiswa kwayo ngqo kuLoti (لوط Lūṭ ngesi-Arabhu) kanye nokuhunyushwa okungokoqobo kwegama elithi "umkhuba kaLoti",kepha ngokunembile kusho ukuthi "umkhuba wabantu bakaLoti"(abaseSodoma) kunokuba uLoti uqobo

Incazelo yezenkolo nezomthetho[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ngenkathi inkolo nomthetho kube nendima ebalulekile encazelweni yomlando nasekujezisweni kobungqingili, imibhalo yezocansi iveza amathuba amaningi okungaqondakali nokuchazwa.I-Sodomy kokubili kuyenzeka kwangempela nesigaba esicabangwayo.Esikhathini sekhulu leshumi nesishiyagalombili,okukhonjwa njenge-sodomy kuvame ukukhonjiswa ngokusebenza komuntu ngokwesibonelo, noma ukuphikisana nenkulumo yobudoda.

Mayelana nalokhu, u-Ian McCormick ukuphikisile lokho

"ukufundwa okwanele nokuqanjiwe kuhilela uchungechunge lokungenelela okuhlangana ngezikhathi ezithile lapho imilando iba izindaba, amanga kanye nokwakhiwa kabusha kwempikiswano enempilo kanye, naseduze," nobungqingili bobungqingili. . . Ukwakha kabusha lokho esicabanga ukuthi sikubona kungabandakanya ukuzakha kabusha ngezindlela ezimangazayo nezingalindelekile".

Umlando[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ukubhujiswa kweSodoma neGomora, uJohn Martin, ngo-1852

Isikhathi soMbuso WaseRoma[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

ITestamente Elisha[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

ITestamente Elisha, njengeTestamente Elidala, likhomba iSodoma njengendawo yentukuthelo kaNkulunkulu ngokumelene nesono, kepha incwadi kaJude inikeza isigaba esithile sesono njengembangela yokubhujiswa kwaso,okushiwo okuyimpikiswano ngaso.

ELobukholwa LangeNkathi Ephakathi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

UDante noVirgil baxoxa nama-sodomites, avela Guido da Pisa [ Ke ] ka- ehlaziya Commedia, c. 1345

Incazelo kaJustinian yendaba yaseSodoma kungenzeka ukuthi yayikhohliwe namuhla (njengabanye  Uyibambe wayekade,kanye novelizations bakhe umthetho ophathelene kokuziphatha kobungqingili ngokuthi ngokushesha ngemva kokufa kwakhe) kwakungcono akazange enziwe ukusetshenziswa e inkohliso Charlemagnian capitularies bhila ngumuntu Frankish indela usebenzisa mbumbulu Benedictus Levita ("Benedict umLevi")azungeze 850 AD, njengengxenye yePseudo-Isidore.Izinduna ezintathu zikaBenedict Levita, ikakhulukazi eziphathelene nokuchazwa kukaJustinian ngendaba yaseSodoma, kwakungu:

  • XXI. De diversis malorum flagitiis. ("Cha. 21: Kumacala amaningi ahlazisayo")
  • I-CXLIII. De sceleribus nefandis ob quae regna percussa sunt, ut penitus caveantur. ("No. 143: On imikhuba emibi ngenxa yesono lapho imibuso iye yawa khona, ukuze senze konke okusemandleni ethu ukuba siyixwaye")
  • I-CLX. De patratoribus diversorum malorum. ("No. 160: Kubabenzi bezenzo zobubi ezininginingi")

Ukushisa bekuyingxenye yesijeziso esijwayelekile sokuziphatha kobungqingili, ikakhulu okujwayele ukwenziwa kwaseJalimane(njengokusho kwezinganekwane zamaJalimane, ukuphambuka ngokocansi ikakhulukazi isifiso sobulili obufanayo kubangelwe uhlobo lobubi noma ububi obungokomoya obubizwa ngokuthi yi-nith,okwenza ukuthi labo bantu babonakale it njengoba fiends non-human, njengoba nithings).UBenedictus Levita cishe wayengowesizwe samaJalimane samaFranks

Benedictus Levita titfutfukiswe okushiwo i sodomy nazo zonke izenzo zobulili akuhlobene ukuzala ke ukuthi abangu uthathwa esiphikisayo nemvelo(ngakho Ngokwesibonelo,ngisho indlwabu yodwa bezoziphatha anal phakathi owesilisa nowesifazane zambozwa),ngenkathi phakathi lezi,wayesalokhu kugcizelelwe zonke izenzo zokuziphatha azenzeki phakathi kwabantu besilisa nabesifazane, ikakhulukazi ubungqingili.

Izindela ezisolwa ngokobulili obushiswe esigxotsheni, iGhent 1578

Isizathu sikaBenedictus Levita sasiwukuthi ukujeziswa kwezenzo ezinjalo kwakuwukuvikela bonke ubuKrestu ezijezisweni zikaNkulunkulu, ezinjengezinhlekelele zemvelo zezono zenyama ezenziwe ngabantu,kodwa nangenxa yokuhlubuka,inkolelo-ze nobuzwe.Ngenxa yokuthi izimfuno zakhe ezibalulekile zokujeziswa ngokufa zazingakaze zizwakale emlandweni wezenkolo ngaphambili,kususelwa kumqondo wobuntu wobukristu wentethelelo nesihe,kwathatha amakhulu eminyaka ngaphambi kokuba izimfuno zikaBenedictus Levita zokuguqulwa kwezomthetho ziqale ukubonakala ngaphakathi kwezinhlelo ezinkulu zebandla.

Lokhu kwenzeka ngokuQulwa Kwamacala Ezihlubuki Kwangenkathi Ephakathi ngo-1184.Amahlelo amaCathars kanye namaWaldsians ayeyisisulu esivamile, futhi laba bahlubuki babengashushiswa kuphela ngenxa yezinsolo zobusathane, kepha babebekwa amacala okufeba nobudoda.Ngo-1307, izinsolo zokukhwabanisa nobungqingili zazingamacala amakhulu akhishwa ngesikhathi sokuqulwa kwecala leKnights Templar.Amanye ala macala abhekiswe ngqo kuGrand Master we-oda, uJacques de Molay.Yilo mcimbi oholele ekuzingelweni kwabathakathi bangezikhathi zasendulo nezasendulo nakho obekuhlobene kakhulu nesodomy.

Ukushushiswa kwamaCathars nehlelo lamaBogomiles eBulgaria kwaholela ekusetshenzisweni kwegama elihlobene kakhulu nesodomy:i-buggery ivela ku-French bouggerie, okusho ukuthi "kweBulgaria".[2]Inhlangano ka sodomy nge hereticism,ubusathane, nokuthakatha sasekelwa iNkantolo Yamacala Ezihlubuki nokulingwa.[3]

I-Book of Wisdom, efakwe ohlwini lwezincwadi zeBhayibheli ngabama-Orthodox namaRoma Katolika,kepha engafakwanga ngamaJuda anamuhla, amaProthestani,namanye amahlelo obuKristu,ikhuluma ngendaba yaseSodoma, igcizelela ngokuqhubekayo ukuthi isono sabo bebehluleka ukwamukela izihambi:

"Futhi izijeziso zehlela izoni ngaphandle kwezimpawu zangaphambili ngamandla okuduma: ngoba zahlupheka ngokufanele ngokokukhohlakala kwazo,kangangoba zazisebenzisa indlela elukhuni nenenzondo kubantu abangabazi."
"Ngoba abaseSodoma ababamukelanga labo ababengabazi lapho befika:kepha laba baletha abangani ebugqilini obubafanele." ( KJV

Imithetho yeSodomy ngekhulu le-18 eYurophu[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Iphosta ebelifunwa, elashicilelwa edolobheni lase- Amsterdam ngo-1730, lisola amadoda ayishumi " de verfoeyelyke Crimen van Sodomie )

Ukuhlolwa kwezilingo zokudlwengulwa nokudlwengula phakathi nekhulu le-18 e- Old Bailey eLondon kukhombisa ukuthi ukwelashwa kokudlwengulwa kwakuvame ukuthambile, kanti ukwelashwa kwesodomy kwakuvame ukuba nzima. Kodwa-ke,ubunzima bokufakazela ukuthi ukungena nokungena kwendoda kwenzeka kwasho ukuthi amadoda ayevame ukutholwa enecala elincane "lokushaya ngenhloso yobungqingili," okwakungeyona icala lokufa.Amacala eSodomy eNgilandi angasho ukuthi "ukuhlukumeza ngokocansi ingane encane," futhi angaholela ekutheni isigwebo sokufa siqoshwe, okungukuthi, hhayi isigwebo sentambo nhlobo.

Ngekhulu le-18 eFrance, isodomy kwakusacatshangelwa ukuthi kuyicala lokufa, futhi kunamacala ambalwa lapho abulawa khona.Kodwa-ke, kokuningi kwalokhu, obunye ubugebengu babandakanyeka futhi.Amarekhodi aqhamuka eBastille nephoyisa lika-lieutenant d'Argenson, kanye neminye imithombo, akhombisa ukuthi abaningi ababoshiwe bathunjwa, bathunyelwa embuthweni, noma baboshwa ezindaweni (ngokuvamile isibhedlela) ezihlobene namacala okuziphatha (njengobufebe).Kulaba, iningi labo lalibandakanyeka ekudayiseni ngomzimba noma lalike lakhuluma nezingane, noma ngenye indlela ladlula nje ngokuba nobuhlobo bobungqingili.URavaisson(umbhali wekhulu le-19 owahlela amarekhodi e-Bastille) uphakamise ukuthi iziphathimandla zithanda ukusingatha la macala ngobuhlakani,hleze ukujeziswa esidlangalaleni empeleni kumemezele "lo mkhuba."

Izikhathi zesikhathi kwesinye isikhathi zazibizwa ngama-sodomites aziwayo, futhi kwesinye isikhathi, zaze zaphakamisa nokuthi i-sodomy yayanda kakhulu.Lokhu akusho ukuthi abesilisa abathandanayo babehlala ngokulondeka — ngokwesibonelo, izikhulu ezithile zamaphoyisa, zazibheka amaTuileries, ngisho nalapho kwakuyindawo “yokuhamba ngezinyawo”eyaziwayo.Kepha, njengokuziphatha okuningi kwezocansi ngaphansi koMthetho Omdala,ukuqonda kwakukhathazeka kakhulu kuzo zonke izinhlangothi (ikakhulukazi ngoba amalungu emindeni evelele kwesinye isikhathi ayethinteka);umthetho wawubonakala ukhathazeke kakhulu ngalabo ababengaqondakali kangako

Imithetho yanamuhla yezocansi[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Imithetho eyenza ubugebengu bobulili obufanayo kungavamisile ukuthi ichaze izenzo eziqondile zocansi, kepha ngokujwayelekile izinkantolo zihlanganisa ukufaka noma isiphi isenzo socansi esibonwa njengesingemvelo noma esingenasimilo.I-Sodomy imvamisa ifaka ucansi lwendunu, ucansi lomlomo, nokulala nesilwane.Ekusebenteni, imithetho sodomy baye akuvamile kuye iphoqelelwe ngokumelene kwabobulili imibhangqwana, futhi ikakhulukazi isetshenzisiwe target ongqingili. [4]

Kusukela ngoJuni 2019,amazwe angama-69 kanye neziphathimandla ezinhlanu ezingaphansi kwezwe lonke [lower-alpha 1] zinemithetho eyenza ubugebengu bobungqingili bube yicala.[5]Ngo-2006 lelo nani lalingama-92.[6]Phakathi kwala mazwe angama-69, angama-44 awo enza ubugebengu bobungqingili besilisa hhayi kuphela kodwa nobungqingili besifazane. Kubo abangu-11,ubungqingili bujeziswa ngesigwebo sentambo. [5]

Izinkolo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

UbuJuda[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Bheka, nakhu ukona kukadadewenu iSodoma: ukuziqhenya, ukusutha kwesinkwa, nokuchichima kokungasebenzi, kwakukuye nakumadodakazi akhe, futhi akaqinisanga isandla sabampofu nabaswelayo. Babezidla, benza izinengiso phambi kwami, ngakho-ke ngabasusa lapho ngibona okuhle khona .

- KJV, Ezekiel 16:49–50 ).

UbuKristu[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Incazelo yendabuko ibona isono sokuqala seSodoma njengezenzo zobulili ezi-homoerotic, [7]ehlanganisa ukulandisa kweSodoma noLevitikusi 18, okubalula ubugebengu obuhlukahlukene bezocansi, okuthi, ngokwevesi 27 no-28, bube nomphumela wokuthi umhlaba ube "kungcolisiwe": ngoba abakhileyo ezweni, ababengaphambi kwakho, bazenzile zonke lezi zinengiso, izwe langcoliswa; ngaphandle kwalokho izwe liyokuhlanza ngokulihlanza, njengoba lahlanza isizwe esasiphambi kwakho. Ezinye izazi, ezinjengoPer-Axel Sverker, baqondanisa lesi siqephu nencazelo yendabuko,bethi igama elithi isinengiso libhekisa ekuziphatheni okubi ngokobulili, nokuthi ngenkathi izenzo ze-homoerotic kungezona zodwa izizathu ezalahlwa iSodoma neGomora,kwakuyingxenye ebalulekile Isithombe

Abanye, bokuqala kubo kwakunguDerrick Sherwin Bailey,bathi le ndima iphikisana nencazelo yendabuko ngokuphelele. Ngokubona kwabo,izono zaseSodoma zazihlobene kakhulu nokwephula imithetho yokungenisa izihambi kunezono zocansi.[8]Lokhu futhi kuvumelana nokuhumusha kwendabuko kwamaJuda kwale mibhalo futhi

AmaSulumane[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ngenkathi iQuran iyilahla ngokusobala imikhuba yezocansi "yabantu bakaLoti" ("Yini, kuzo zonke izidalwa eniza emadodeni,futhi nishiye amakhosikazi eniyenzelwe yiNkosi yenu?"[9]),indima eyodwa kuphela ngezikhathi ezithile kwahunyushwa njengokuthatha isikhundla esithile somthetho maqondana nemisebenzi enjalo: labo abanecala lehlazo elivela phakathi kwabesifazane benu, bizani ofakazi abane (kofakazi) abane abaphakathi kwenu; khona-ke uma benikeza ubufakazi bavalele ezindlini kuze kube yilapho ukufa kubasusa noma Allah ebavulela indlela ethile (15).Kepha labo abanecala lenu phakathi kwenu, banikeleni isijeziso; khona-ke uma bephenduka futhi belungisa, bafulathele; Impela uAllah Uyabuya (Emseni) Onesihawu.

  1. See Paragraph 175 StGB, version of June 28, 1935.
  2. Oxford English Dictionary
  3. See The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (2010), p. 809 for some important points:
  4. Sullivan, Andrew (24 March 2003). "Unnatural Law". The New Republic. http://www.tnr.com/article/unnatural-law. Retrieved 27 November 2009. "Since the laws had rarely been enforced against heterosexuals, there was no sense of urgency about their repeal."  (Or Sullivan, Andrew (24 March 2003). "Unnatural Law". The New Republic. )
  5. 5.0 5.1 [https://ilga.org/downloads/ILGA_State_Sponsored_Homophobia_2019.pdf; updates from LGBT rights by country or territory.
  6. https://76crimes.com/76-countries-where-homosexuality-is-illegal/
  7. Robert A. J. Gagnon, The Bible and Homosexual Practice, pp. 73–74
  8. Derrick Bailey, Homosexuality and the Western Christian Tradition (Hamden: Conn.: Archon, 1975 reprint from 1955), 4-5
  9. Sura 26:165–167, quoted in Wafer, p. 88