INguxa

Mayelana Wikipedia

INguxa iyisimiso esiphathekayo esisebenzisa isidlakalasi ukuze sifake iziphoqi futhi silawule ukudikiza ukuze senze umsebenzi. Leli bizo livame ukusetshenziswa ezilekelelini, ezifana nalezo ezisebenzisa ezinjini nezidikizisi. Izinguxa zingashayelwa izilwane nabantu, zingalawulwa iziphoqi zemvelo ezifana nesivungu namanzi, futhi zingalawulwa isidlakalasi sevanga, umchadamezo noma amaZuba, futhi zihlanganisa izimiso zobunguxa ezibumba amagalelo eZenzi ukufezekisa umsebenzi ocacisiwe wemiphumela yeziphoqi nomdiki. Izinguxa zingahlanganisa neziCikizi neziNzwi ezilusa ukusebenza futhi zisongoze umdiki, ngokuvamile ezibizwa ngokuthi izinhlelo zobunguxa.

Injini yemoto yomjaho iHonda F1 .

Izazi zefilosofi engokwemvelo zeMveselelo zihlonze iziNguxa eyisithupha ezilula okwakuyizilekeleli eziyisisekelo ezifaka umthwalo kumdiki, futhi zabala isilinganiso sesiphoqi esiwumphumela ngesiphoqi segalelo, namuhla okwaziwa ngokuthi uMenzelelo wobuNguxa.[1]

Izinguxa zanamuhla ziyizimiso eziyinkimbinkimbi ezihlanganisa izici zohlaka, ukusebenza kobunguxa nezigcoyi zokulawula futhi zihlanganisa izixhakasimo (interfaces) zokuzisebenzisa kalula. Izibonelo zihlanganisa: izinhlobo ezihlukene zezithuthi, izimoto, izikebhe nezindiza; izilekeleli zasendlini nasehhovisi (home and office appliances), ezihlanganisa izicikizi, iziphathamoya zezakhiwo nomthumbelo wamanzi (water handling systems); kanye nezinguxa zezolimo, izinsiza eziyizinguxa kanye nezimiso zenhleleleko yasemkhando nezithununu zezimboni.

Bonsack's machine
inguxa ka-James Albert Bonsack egonqa ugwayi, yaqanjwa ngowe-1880

uMsuka[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Igama lesizulu elithi 'inguxa' liqhamuka kweliyisenzokuthi esithi 'guxa' esilingisa umsindo owenziwa izinsimbi ezihlanganisiwe zaba malungalunga, okuthi lapho zidikiza zenze umsindo oguxazelayo. Into ekulesi simo ibizwa ngokuthi inguxanguxa, livele lapho elithi inguxa. Leli gama lihumusha elithi 'machine', ngesizulu elibizwa ngokuthi umshini.

  1. Usher, Abbott Payson (1988). A History of Mechanical Inventions. USA: Courier Dover Publications. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-486-25593-4. Archived from the original on 2016-08-18. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)