Izwi Lokuhlakanipha

Mayelana Wikipedia

Igama elithi " Izwi Lokuhlakanipha " yigama elivamile lengxenye ka-1833 ye- Doctrine and Covenants, incwadi ecatshangelwa amasonto amaningi eNhlanganweni Yabangcwele Bezinsuku Zokugcina ukuthi iqukethe izambulo ezivela kuNkulunkulu.Futhi igama lekhodi yezempilo esekelwe kulo mbhalo, owenziwa iSonto LikaJesu Kristu Labangcwele Bezinsuku Zokugcina (i-LDS Church) kanye nama- bandamentalists amaMormon, futhi ngezinga elincane, amanye amahlelo Abangcwele Bezinsuku Zokugcina.EBandleni le-LDS, ukuhambisana neZwi Lokuhlakanipha okwamanje kuyisidingo sokuqala sokubhapathizwa, ukukhonza emsebenzini wesikhathi esigcwele wobufundisi, ukuya ezikoleni zesonto, kanye nokungena emathempelini esonto ; nokho, ukwephulwa kwekhodi akubhekwa njengezizathu zokuhoxiswa kobulungu noma esinye isinyathelo sokuqondiswa kwezigwegwe . [1]

Umbhalo awukukhuthazi “isiphuzo esinamandla” newayini (kwezinye izimo lokhu kuhlanganisa iwayini lesakramente, eliye lathathelwa indawo amanzi esakramente kwamanye amahlelo), ukusetshenziswa okungezona kokwelapha kukagwayi, “iziphuzo ezishisayo”, kanye nenyama esetshenziswa ngaphezu kokuthi “kancane kancane. ".Umbhalo uncoma futhi ukusetshenziswa kwamakhambi, izithelo, nokusanhlamvu, kanye "neziphuzo ezithambile" ezisekelwe okusanhlamvu.Njengoba kwenziwa iBandla le-LDS, awukho umkhawulo oqinile ophathelene nokudliwa kwenyama, kodwa zonke iziphuzo ezidakayo azivunyelwe, kuhlanganise nobhiya .Isonto le-LDS lihumusha "iziphuzo ezishisayo" njengokusho ikhofi netiye . [2]

Umsuka nokushicilelwa[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

NgokukaJoseph Smith, umsunguli wenhlangano yabaNgcwele beSuku Lokugcina, Izwi Lokuhlakanipha latholwa ngo-1833 njengesambulo esivela kuNkulunkulu.Ngemva kokushona kukaSmith, uBrigham Young wathi lesi sambulo sanikezwa ngenxa yezinkinga okuhlangatshezwane nazo ngenkathi kuqhutshwa imihlangano ekhaya lomndeni wakwaSmith:

Lapho bebuthene ndawonye kuleli gumbi ngemva kokudla kwasekuseni, okokuqala bakwenza kwakuwukukhanyisa amapayipi abo, futhi, ngenkathi bebhema, bakhuluma ngezinto ezinkulu zombuso, futhi bakhafulela igumbi lonke, futhi ngokushesha nje lapho ipayipi seliphumile. emilonyeni yabo kwakuzothathwa ugwayi omkhulu.Ngokuvamile uma umPhrofethi [uJoseph Smith] engena ekamelweni ukuze anikeze imiyalelo yesikole wayezithola esefuleni lentuthu kagwayi.Lokhu, kanye nokukhononda komkakhe ngokuhlanzwa phansi okungcole kangaka, kwenza uMprofethi wayicabangisisa lendaba, wabe esebuza eNkosini mayelana nokuziphatha kwabadala ekusebenziseni ugwayi, nesambulo esaziwa ngokuthi iZwi likaMoya.Ukuhlakanipha kwaba umphumela wokubuza kwakhe. [3]

IZwi Lokuhlakanipha lashicilelwa okokuqala njengohlaka oluzimele lodwa ngoZibandlela 1833.Ngo-1835, yafakwa njengeSigaba LXXX kuhlelo lokuqala lweMfundiso neziVumelwano .

Isambulo seZwi Lokuhlakanipha[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Isambulo siqukethe izingxenye ezine:

  1. isingeniso;
  2. uhlu lwezinto okungafanele zidliwe, okuhlanganisa iwayini, isiphuzo esinamandla, ugwayi kanye "neziphuzo ezishisayo";
  3. uhlu lokudla okufanele kusetshenziswe, okunye kube nokulinganiselwa okuthile; kanye
  4. isithembiso saphezulu kulabo abalandela iziqondiso.

Isingeniso[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Isingeniso nencazelo njengoba yethulwe nguSmith ithi:

Izwi Lokuhlakanipha, ukuze kusizakale umkhandlu wabaphristi abakhulu, owawubuthene eKirtland, kanye nebandla, kanye nabangcwele baseSiyoni— Bazothunyelwa imikhonzo; hhayi ngomyalo noma ukuphoqelelwa, kodwa ngesambulo nangezwi lokuhlakanipha, ekhombisa uhlelo nentando kaNkulunkulu ensindisweni yesikhashana yabo bonke abangcwele ngezinsuku zokugcina—Kunikezwe isimiso esinesithembiso, esivumelaniswe namandla alabo ababuthakathaka. nababuthakathaka kunabo bonke abangcwele, abakhona noma abangabizwa ngabangcwele.

Izithibelo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Phakathi kwezinto isambulo esikhomba ukuthi akufanele zidliwe, eyokuqala “iwayini noma isiphuzo esinamandla”, esambulo sithi akufanele sidakwe.(Ngaphandle kuka-kuvunyelwe ukusetshenziswa "iwayini okumsulwa yezithombe zakho" njengengxenye isakramente mthetho, nakuba LDS Church namuhla ukusetshenziswa kwamanzi esikhundleni iwayini . ) Isambulo sibuye seluleke ngokumelene nokusetshenziswa kukagwayi kanye "neziphuzo ezishisayo".

Isambulo seZwi Lokuhlakanipha futhi siphakamisa ukusetshenziswa okufanele kwezinye izinto ezinqatshelwe.Nakuba “iziphuzo ezinamandla” akufanele zidliwe, zifanelekile uma zisetshenziselwa “ukugeza imizimba yenu”; ngokufanayo, nakuba ukungenwa komuntu ugwayi kwenqatshelwe, ugwayi kuthiwa “uyikhambi lemivimbo nazo zonke izinkomo ezigulayo, okufanele usetshenziswe ngokwahlulela nangekhono”.

Imiyalelo[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Uhlu lokudla nezinto ezikhuthazwa yisambulo luhlanganisa “imifino enempilo [kanye] nazo zonke izithelo ngesikhathi sazo” kanye “nalokho okuthela izithelo, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi kusemhlabeni noma phezu komhlabathi”.Liphinde linqume ukusetshenziswa “konke okusanhlamvu” okuchazwa ngokuthi “udondolo lwempilo, hhayi olwabantu kuphela kodwa nezilwane zasendle”.Ibhali nokunye okusanhlamvu kunconywa ukuthi kusetshenziswe ekwenzeni "iziphuzo ezithambile".

“Izilwane zasendle, nezinyoni zezulu, nazo zonke izilwane zasendle ezigijima noma ezinwabuzelayo emhlabeni” kungase kusetshenziswe njengokudla “ngokuncane” kanye “nokubonga”.

Isambulo sithi kuyamthokozisa uNkulunkulu uma lezi zingasetshenziswa, “ngezikhathi zasebusika kuphela, noma zamakhaza, noma zendlala ” nangezikhathi “zendlala eyeqile”.

Isithembiso saphezulu[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

IZwi Lokuhlakanipha lithi lihlanganisa "isimiso esinesithembiso".Isethembiso esanikezwa labo abalandela iseluleko sezwi lokuhlakanipha simi kanje:

Futhi bonke abangcwele abakhumbula ukugcina nokwenza lamazwi, behamba ngokulalela imiyalelo, bayothola impilo enkabeni yabo nomnkantsha emathanjeni abo ; futhi bayothola ukuhlakanipha kanye nengcebo enkulu yolwazi, ngisho ingcebo efihliwe; futhi bayogijima futhi bangakhathali, futhi bayohamba futhi bangadangali.Futhi mina, iNkosi, ngibanika isethembiso, ukuthi ingelosi ebhubhisayo iyodlula kubo, njengabantwana bakwa-Israyeli, futhi ingababulali.

Isicelo sikaJoseph Smith[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Nakuba okokuqala kwakuyizincomo kuphela, kwenziwa umyalo kamuva. Lokhu kwanikeza abangcwele isikhathi sokuzivumelanisa nezimiso ezintsha.Ekuqaleni, ukuthobela izincomo kanye nokwenqatshelwa kweZwi Lokuhlakanipha kwakungathathwa njengempoqo: lizisho ngokusobala ukuthi “alikho ngomyalo noma ukuphoqelelwa”.Nokho, ngo-February 1834, uJoseph Smith wenza isiphakamiso phambi komkhandlu omkhulu webandla esasithi, “Alikho ilungu elisemthethweni kuleli Bandla elifanele ukuba nesikhundla ngemva kokuba lifundiswe izwi lokuhlakanipha ngokufanele; futhi yena, ilungu elisemthethweni., ukudebeselela ukuhambisana nokuwuthobela." [4]Lesi sinqumo samukelwe ngazwi linye wumkhandlu.

Ngo-1842, umfowabo kaSmith uHyrum, owayenguMsizi kaMongameli weBandla kanye nombhishobhi walo owengamele, wanikeza incazelo yezwi leNhlakanipho elithi "iziphuzo ezishisayo":

Futhi futhi "iziphuzo ezishisayo akuzona ezomzimba, noma isisu;" baningi abazibuzayo ukuthi lokhu kungasho ukuthini; kungakhathaliseki ukuthi libhekisela itiye, noma ikhofi, noma cha.Ngithi ibhekise etiyeni, nekhofi. [5]

Ngokwencwadi eyabhalwa yisithunywa sevangeli se-LDS uJoel H. Johnson ngo-1881, uJoseph Smith wabelane ngencazelo kaHyrum:

Ngiyaqonda ukuthi abanye abantu bayazithethelela ekusebenziseni itiye nekhofi, ngoba iNkosi ithe kuphela “iziphuzo ezishisayo” ekwambulweni kweZwi Lokuhlakanipha. . . . Itiye nekhofi ... yilokho iNkosi eyayikusho lapho Ithi "iziphuzo ezishisayo".

Icala "lokungaligcini iZwi Lokuhlakanipha" lalingelinye lamahlanu elabekwa uDavid Whitmer ngo-April 13, 1838, okwaholela ekukhishweni kwakhe ebandleni.Noma kunjalo, amarekhodi angaleso sikhathi abonisa ukuthi uJoseph Smith wayengeyena, yena, umbukeli oqinile.USmith uqoshwa ngezikhathi ezahlukene ephuza itiye, [6] ubhiya, [7] kanye newayini. [8]Kunombiko abuye abhema ugwayi: ngokuka- Amasa Lyman, ilungu lobuMongameli Bokuqala ngaphansi kukaSmith, uSmith wake waqeda ukushumayela intshumayelo yeZwi Lokuhlakanipha futhi ngokushesha ngemva kwalokho wagibela emigwaqweni ebhema isiga. [9]NgokukaLyman, lesi kwakungesinye sezimo eziningi lapho uSmith “azama khona ukholo lwabaNgcwele ... ngezici zakhe”. (Omunye umhlaziyi wesimanje uye wasikisela ukuthi lokhu kungenzeka ukuthi kwenziwa nguSmith ukuze aqinisekise ukuthi ukholo lwabalandeli bakhe lwalusekelwe enkolweni Yobungcwele Bezinsuku Zokugcina hhayi ebuntwini noma kubuholi bukaSmith. [10]

Ngo-August 19, 1835, u- Almon W. Babbitt walethwa phambi komkhandlu omkhulu wesonto ngamacala amathathu.Ecaleni "lokungagcini Izwi Lokuhlakanipha", uBabbitt wathi "uthathe inkululeko yokwephula iZwi Lokuhlakanipha, esibonelweni sikaMongameli uJoseph Smith, omNcane, nabanye, kodwa wavuma ukuthi kwakungalungile. " [11]

Ngo-1838, uSmith wayesebenzisa ihhotela/ithaveni eFar West, eMissouri .NgoJuni 1838, umkhandlu omkhulu waseFar West wazizwa uphoqelekile ukuba ukhumbuze umndeni kaSmith ukuthi kwakuvinjelwe ukuthengiswa nokusetshenziswa “kwemimoya eshisekayo endaweni”. [12]

Ukuhunyushwa ngabaholi beSonto LDS[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Kugcizelelwe nguBrigham Young[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

Ngemva kokufa kukaSmith, kwavela amaqembu amaningana enhlangano ye-Latter Day Saint.Iqembu elikhulu kulawa, IBandla likaJesu Kristu Labangcwele Bezinsuku Zokugcina (LDS Church), laliholwa nguBrigham Young .Engqungqutheleni kawonkewonke yebandla eyayingoSepthemba 9, 1851, uYoung wabiza ababekhona ukuthi “bayeke ukusebenzisa” izinto ezishiwo eZwini Lokuhlakanipha:

UPhatriaki [ John Smith ] waphinde wasukuma ukuze akhulume ngeZwi Lokuhlakanipha, futhi enxusa abazalwane ukuba bayeke ukusebenzisa ugwayi, njll.

UMongameli Young wasukuma wabeka umnyakazo futhi wabiza bonke odade abazoyeka ukusebenzisa itiye, ikhofi, &c., ukuthi bakubonakalise ngokuphakamisa isandla sokudla; wasekela wathwala.

Bese ubeka ukunyakaza okulandelayo; ebiza bonke abafana [ ababeneminyaka engaphansi kwamashumi ayisishiyagalolunye ubudala ababengenza isivumelwano sokuyeka ukusebenzisa ugwayi, iwhisky, nazo zonke izinto ezishiwo eZwini Lokuhlakanipha, ukulibonakalisa ngendlela efanayo, elaliqhutshwa ngazwi linye.”

Yathi iNyangayezulu, iNkosi inibusise, inisikelele nizigcine zonke izivumelwano zenu. Amen.

uMongameli Young phakathi kwezinye izinto wathi wayebazi ubuhle babantu, futhi iNkosi iyabuthwala ubuthakathaka bethu; kufanele sikhonze iNkosi, nabahamba nami bayoligcina iZwi lokuhlakanipha, futhi uma abaPristi abakhulu, abamaShumi ayisiKhombisa, aBadala, nabanye bengamkhonzi uJehova, sizobahlukanisa neBandla. Ngizodweba umugqa, futhi ngazi ukuthi ubani ongoweNkosi nokuthi ubani ongeyena, futhi labo abangayi kuligcina iZwi loKuhlakanipha, ngizobasusa eBandleni; Ngiphonsa inselelo kubo bonke abesilisa nabesifazane. [13]

Nakuba uYoung akhuthaza amaMormon ukuthi alandele ikhodi yeZwi Lokuhlakanipha, isonto lalibabekezelela labo abangalilandeli.Ngo-1860, weluleka labo abahlafuna ugwayi emihlanganweni yesonto ukuba okungenani bahlakaniphe futhi bangabi ngokweqile, kodwa abazange bakhokhise abasebenzisi ngesono. [14]Nokho, ngo-1870 wawuqeda umkhuba wokuhlafuna nokukhafula ugwayi eTabernakele laseSalt Lake . [15]

U-Young uphinde waqaphela ukuhlukana phakathi kokusebenzisa ugwayi (okwakungakhuthazwa), nokuwuthengisa kwabangewona amaMormon njengebhizinisi (okwakhuthazwa). [16] Futhi wayenendawo yokucima ukoma e-Salt Lake City futhi eyinakekela ukuze kudayiswe uphuzo oludakayo kubahambi abangewona amaMormon, ngombono wokuthi kwakungcono ukuba iziphathimandla zeSonto LDS ziqhube lezo zikhungo kunabantu bangaphandle. [17]

Inyama[hlela | Hlela umthombo]

IZwi leNhlakanipho lithi “inyama yezilwane neyezinyoni zezulu . . . kufanele isetshenziswe kancane” nokuthi “kuyamthokozisa [uNkulunkulu] ukuba ingasetshenziswa ebusika kuphela., noma amakhaza, noma indlala.Ngokungafani nemithetho emelene nogwayi, utshwala neziphuzo ezishisayo, nokho, ukuthobela lo mthetho akukaze kwenziwe kube isibopho.

  1. "When a Membership Council Is Not Normally Necessary", General Handbook (LDS Church, 2020) § 32.6.4.
  2. "Word of Wisdom", Gospel Topics (churchofjesuschrist.org), https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/topics/word-of-wisdom, retrieved 2014-01-16 
  3. Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses, vol. 12, p. 158 Archived 2007-10-26 at the Wayback Machine..
  4. The Word of Wisdom in Its First Decade. University of Illinois Press. https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/mormonhistory/vol38/iss1/1/. Retrieved 18 August 2021. 
  5. Smith, Hyrum (1 June 1842). "The Word of Wisdom" (in en). Times and Seasons 3 (15): 800–801. https://contentdm.lib.byu.edu/digital/collection/NCMP1820-1846/id/9862. Retrieved 18 August 2021. 
  6. "Diary of Joseph Smith", March 11, 1843 entry
  7. Millennial Star, vol. 23, no. 45 p. 720 (9 November 1861).
  8. Joseph Smith (B. H. Roberts (ed.)), History of the Church (January 1836) vol. 2, 369 ("Our hearts were made glad by the fruit of the vine."; Joseph Smith (B. H. Roberts (ed.)), History of the Church (May 2, 1843) vol. 5, p. 380 ("Called at the office and drank a glass of wine with Sister Jenetta Richards, made by her mother in England,..."); Joseph Smith (B. H. Roberts (ed.)), History of the Church (June 27, 1844) vol. 6, p. 616 ("Dr. Richards uncorked the bottle, and presented a glass to Joseph, who tasted, as also Brother Taylor and the doctor..."); Joseph Smith (B. H. Roberts (ed.)), History of the Church (June 27, 1844) vol. 7, p. 101 ("Sometime after dinner we [John Taylor and other prisoners at Carthage Jail] sent for some wine. It has been reported by some that this was taken as a sacrament. It was no such thing; our spirits were generally dull and heavy, and it was sent for to revive us.... I believe we all drank of the wine, and gave some to one or two of the prison guards.").
  9. Diary of Abraham H. Cannon, vol. 19 (October 1895 entry); cited in Gary Dean Guthrie, Joseph Smith As An Administrator, M.A. thesis, Brigham Young University, May 1969, p. 161.
  10. Gary Dean Guthrie, "Joseph Smith As An Administrator", M.A. thesis, Brigham Young University, May 1969, p. 161.
  11. Joseph Smith (B. H. Roberts (ed.)), History of the Church, vol. 2, p. 252.
  12. Donald Q. Cannon, Lyndon W. Cook. Far West Record: Minutes of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830–1844, p. 191
  13. "Minutes of the General Conference", Tuesday, Sep. 9, 1851, afternoon session; Millennial Star, 1 February 1852, vol. 14, p. 35.
  14. Journal of Discourses, vol. 8, p. 361.
  15. Journal of Discourses, vol. 13, p. 344.
  16. Journal of Discourses, vol. 9, p. 35 (encouraging Mormons to raise and sell tobacco).
  17. Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of Utah, p. 540, n. 44.